Canadiana/Americana: First Nations






1. ABORIGINES’ COMMITTEE OF THE MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS [QUAKERS]. Some Account Of The Conduct Of The Religious Society Of Friends Towards The Indian Tribes In The Settlement Of The Colonies Of East And West Jersey And Pennsylvania… [Publications relative to the Aborigines, No. 9]. 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., x, [11]-247. coloured lithographed frontis. map & large folding lithographed map with outline colour. unopened in original blind-stamped cloth, rebacked with spine mounted. London: Edward Marsh, 1844.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 $400           


     First Edition. The two maps graphically demonstrate the removal west from their native lands of some North American Indian tribes through unjust and oppressive treaties.The first map is an aboriginal map of the country east of the Mississippi previous to English settlement, while the second, of North America, shows the territory occupied by various tribes at the time of publication. Pages 174-209 contain John D. Lang and Samuel Taylor’s account of their visit in 1843 to the natives recently removed from east of the Mississippi to the trans-Mississippi regions; it was first separately published in New York and Providence in 1843.

     Field 1466. Sabin 86572. cfWagner-Camp 96.


2. ARMSTRONG, Benjamin G. Early Life Among The Indians. Reminiscences…Dictated To And Written By Thos. P. Wentworth. 8vo. pp. 266. 18 wood-engraved plates (incl. 2 frontis. portraits). original gilt-stamped cloth (spine faded). Ashland, Wis.: Press Of A.W.Bowron, 1892.                                                                                                 $500


     First Edition. “Armstrong’s reminiscences contain valuable information about the early fur trade in Wisconsin and Minnesota and about treaties with the Indians of the area in 1835, 1837, 1842, and 1854.” (Graff) The author was a pioneer, hunter and fur trader in the Lake Superior region.

     Graff 88. Howes A-319.


3. BARAGA, [Irenaeus Friedrich], Bishop [1797-1868]. A Dictionary Of The Otchipwe Language, Explained In English. Part I. English-Otchipwe...A New Edition... 8vo. pp. 3 p.l., 301. text in double columns. original printed wrs. from A Grammar And Dictionary Of the Otchipwe Language, 1879 & prelims from the Grammar. later full turquoise morocco (rubbed). complimentary slip from the editor, Father Albert Lacombe. bookplate & ownership entry of Quebec lawyer, politician and author, Pierre Boucher de La Bruère [1837-1917]`.Montreal: Beauchemin & Valois, Publishers, 1878 [1879].                   


     Second Edition (first: Cincinnati: 1853).The compiler of the dictionary was for many years a missionary among the Ottawa and Chippeway tribes of the American middle west. This edition, prepared by Oblate missionary, Albert Lacombe, with the financial assistance of the Canadian government, was intended to be of use to Canadian missionaries in Manitoba and Keewatin. The dictionary was usually issued with Baraga’s A Theoretical and Practical Grammar of the Otchipwe Language, not present here, but it appears to also have been available on its own. An Otchipwe-English dictionary was published the following year.

     TPL 3326-27. Lande S143. Gagnon I 205. Pilling, Algonquian, pp. 27-28. cfSabin 3247. cfField 75.


4. BEUCHAT, H. Manuel D’Archéologie Américaine (Amérique préhistorique – Civilisation disparues). 8vo. pp. xli, 773. 2 folding tables. numerous text illus. (incl. maps, some full-page). index. half cloth. Paris: Librairie Alphonse Picard Et Fils, Auguste Picard, Successeur, 1912.                                                                        

     First Edition.


5. BIBLE. NEW TESTAMENT. CREE. (HORDEN, John [1828-1893] (Translator)). [Three lines syllabic characters] The New Testament, Translated Into The Cree Language... 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., 425. text printed entirely in Cree syllabic characters, Moose dialect. original blind-stamped sprinkled calf (joints cracked, spine ends & corners worn). London: Printed For The British And Foreign Bible Society, 1876.                                                                                                      


     Horden came to Canada in 1851, and was stationed by the Church Missionary Society at Moose Factory on Hudson’s Bay. There he spent the rest of his life, baptizing thousands of Indians, and translating over twenty texts into the Cree, Salteaux and Ojibwa languages. Several of his Cree translations he printed with his own hands on a press sent out from England. Pilling notes that some copies of the present work end on page 245, the verso of which is blank, and include only to the end of Acts, while in complete copies, as this one, Romans begins on page 246.

     Darlow & Moule 3123. Banks p. 38. Evans 80. Peel. 782. Pilling, Algonquian, pp. 236-37.


6. BIBLE. NEW TESTAMENT. OJIBWAY. [BLATCHFORD, Henry (Translator)]. Iu Otoshki-Kikindiuin Au Tebeniminung Gaie Bemajiinung Jesus Christ…The New Testament… 8vo. pp. iv, 717. original leather (light wear to extremities). bookplate of the Canadian Bible Society (North Saskatchewan Auxiliary). New York: American Bible Society, 1875.  


     Second Edition (first: 1856). “The A.B.S. Report for 1844 states that this version was made by S.Hall and other missionaries of the A.B.C.F.M. near Lake Superior. J.C.Pilling, however, in his bibliography of the Algonquian Languages ascribes it to Henry Blatchford.” (Darlow & Moule)

     Banks p. 133. Darlow & Moule 3040. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 52. cfField 1156. cfSabin 57091.


7. BIBLE. OLD TESTAMENT. PSALMS. MICMAC. [RAND, Silas Tertius [1810-1999] (Translator)]. [The] Buk Ov Samaz. In Mikmak. 16mo. pp. 282. contemporary sprinkled sheep (some worming to lower joints, nick to head of spine). Bath: Printed For The British And Foreign Bible Society, By Eizek Pitman, 1859.                                                   

     First Edition.

     Banks p. 94. Darlow & Moule 5735. Evans 518. Lande S198. Morgan p. 316. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 421. Sabin 67753. TPL 3876.


8. BIBLE. OLD TESTAMENT. PSALMS. OJIBWAY. Oodahnuhmeahwine Nuhguhmoowinun Owh David Ojibwag Anwawaud Azheühnekenootahbeëgahdagin. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., 204. presentation rubberstamp on rear flyleaf of the Upper Canada Bible Society. contemporary sprinkled sheep (spine ends chipped, slight worming to upper front cover). Toronto: Printed By H.Rowsell For the Upper Canada Bible Society, 1856.                                                                                       

     First Edition of the Psalms in Ojibway, translated by Frederick Augustus O’Meara [1814-1888].

     TPL 5698. Darlow & Moule 3036. Lande 1579. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 380. Banks p. 129. Evans p. 204.


9. BOAS, Franz [1858-1942] (Editor). Folk-Tales of Salishan and Sahaptin Tribes. Collected By James A.Teit, Marian K.Gould, Livingston Farrand, Herbert J. Spinden. 8vo. pp. xii, 205. original cloth, t.e.g., others untrimmed. Lancaster, PA. & New York: American Folk-Lore Society, 1917.                                                                                              

     First Edition.

10. BOSSU, [Jean Bernard] [1720-1792]. Nouveaux Voyages Aux Indes Occidentales; Contenant une Relation des différens Peuples qui habitent les environs du grand Fleuve Saint-Louis, appellé vulgairement le Mississipi... 2 Volumes bound in 1. 12mo.  pp. xx, 244; 1 p.l., 264. with half-title in Vol. I. 4 engraved plates by Ch.Beurlier after Gabriel St. Aubin (incl. 2 frontis.). woodcut ornaments. contemporary mottled calf, gilt back (spinal extremities chipped, minor stains to outer margin of frontis. & first leaves in Vol. I). Paris: Le Jay, 1768.                                                                                                      


     First Edition. "Bossu's writings constitute an important chapter in early Louisiana social history." (Clark) A French army officer, he was stationed in the West Indies and Louisiana from 1751 to 1762, and travelled extensively throughout the vast Louisiana territory, as far north as Fort Chartres in what is now Illinois, and as far east as the French post at Mobile. His intimate epistolary account of his travels and experiences incorporates vivid and detailed descriptions of the manners and customs, commerce and government, of the various Indian tribes of the region, the Natches, Arkanzas, Foxes, Missouris, Osages, Illinois, Sioux and Chocktaws, as well as news of events in Canada, including Montcalm's capture of Fort Oswego (Chouaguen), Fort Ontario and New Fort Oswego, on Lake Ontario in 1756. The twenty-first letter contains an interesting discussion of the possible origins of the aboriginal population of North America, based on the writings of earlier historians and explorers, Diodorus Siculus, Peter Martyr, Lafitau, Lescarbot, and Bering.

     Clark II 5. Field 156. Gagnon II 219. Graff 361. Howes B- 626. Hubach p. 13. JCB I 1653. Monaghan 261. Streeter III 1518. Vlach 110. cfSabin 6465 (noting that he found no record of the first edition).


11. BRINE, Lindesay [1834-1906].Travels Amongst American Indians Their Ancient Earthworks And Temples… 8vo. pp. xvi, 429. with half-title. 10 maps & plans (2 folding)., 27 plates (incl. double-page frontis.) & 6 text illus. A nice untrimmed partly unopened copy in original blind & gilt-stamped cloth (very slight fraying to spine ends). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1894.                                                                                                                           


     First Edition. An account of the author’s 1869-70 travels to study Indian antiquities in New England, Lake Superior region, Ohio, Minnesota, Iowa, California, Guatemala, Mexico, and Yucatan, with visits to the ruins of Patinamit, Utatlan, Palenque and Uxmal.


12. BROWNELL, Charles De Wolf. The Indian Races Of North and South America… 8vo. pp. 639, [1]. 44 wood-engraved plates (incl. additional title, most hand-coloured. modern cloth (spine discoloured, extremities frayed, some foxing & browning to plates, edges of last leaf chipped). New York: Published At The American Subscription House…, 1857.   

     Field 198. cfSabin 8681.


13. BUCHANAN, James. Sketches Of The History, Manners, And Customs Of The North American Indians. 8vo. pp. xi, 371, [1], 4(ads). with half-title. folding engraved map (frontis.). Uncut in original bds. (lower cover detached, map offset, heavy foxing to several gatherings, short split in lower front joint). London: Printed For Black, Young, And Young, 1824.


     First London Edition, omitting the author’s ‘Plan for melioration’ which was included in the New York edition of the same year. Buchanan was British Consul at New York, and sought in the present work to draw attention to the wrongs and sufferings endured by the North American Indians. Some attention is devoted to character, customs, and various anecdotes. Appended, pp. [211]-371, are Dr. S.F.Jarvis’ address ‘On the Religion of the Indian Tribes’, Peter S. Duponceau’s paper on ‘Language of the Indians’, Governor Clinton’s ‘Address on the Indian Tribes of New York’, with extracts from Blome and Colden. The book was dismissed by the Quarterly Review, as the work of a man “absolutely without any qualification for the task he has undertaken. The literary composition of his volume is below criticism, and its only value consists in the copious extracts from an account of the Indian Nations by John Heckewelder.”

     Field 203. Howes B-911. Sabin 8860.


14. [BURDEN, Harold Nelson] [b. 1860].Manitoulin; Or, Five Years of Church Work among Ojibway Indians and Lumbermen, resident upon that Island or in its Vicinity. 8vo. pp. 164, v(ads), [1]. 1 map, frontis. & 11 plates (incl. in pagination). original cloth (spine rubbed & ends bit frayed). London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., Ltd., 1895.     

     First Edition.


15. BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY. Eighteenth Annual Report Of The Bureau Of American Ethnology To The Secretary Of The Smithsonian Institution 1896-97 By J.W.Powell Director. Part I (of II). 8vo. pp. lvii, 518. double-page coloured map. numerous plates & text illus. with tipped-in errata slip. original gilt-stamped cloth (bit rubbed several gatherings sprung). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899.                                                                          


     This first volume, complete in itself, is devoted to Edward William Nelson’s account of ‘The Eskimo About Bering Strait’, with chapters on clothing and personal adornment, utensils and implements for daily living, arts and manufactures, and hunting and fishing, travel and transportation, villages and houses, tobacco and smoking, social customs, feasts and festivals, religion and mythology, and folk tales.


16. BUSCHMANN, Joh[ann] Carl Ed. Der Athapaskische Sprachstamm… 4to. pp. 1 p.l., [149]-319. Untrimmed & unopened in original printed wrs. (some marginal foxing). Berlin: Gedruckt in der Druckerei der Königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1856.                                                                                                                                            

     Pilling, Athapascan, p. 15.Pilling, Eskimo, p. 16. cfSabin 9522.


[WITH:] BUSCHMANN, Joh[ann] Carl Ed. Das Apache als eine athapaskische Sprache erwiesen…in Verbindung mit einer systematischen Worttafel des athapaskischen Sprachstamms. Erste Abtheilung… 4to. pp. 1 p.l., [187]-282. Untrimmed & unopened in original printed wrs. (wrs. edges torn). Berlin: Gedruckt in der Druckerei der Königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1860.

     Pilling, Athapascan, p. 16.cfSabin 9521.


[WITH:] BUSCHMANN, Joh[ann] Carl Ed. Systematische Worttafel des athapaskischen Sprachstamms…Dritte Abtheilung des Apache… 4to. pp. 1 p.l., [501]-586. original printed wrs. Berlin: Gedruckt in der Druckerei der Königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1860.

     Pilling, Athapascan, p. 16.Pilling, Eskimo, p. 18. cfSabin 9528.


[WITH:] BUSCHMANN, Joh[ann] Carl Ed. Die Verwandtschafts-Verhältnisse der athapaskischen Sprachen…Zweite Abtheilung des Apache… 4to. pp. 1 p.l., [195]-252. Untrimmed & unopened in original printed wrs. (foxing to first leaves). Berlin: Gedruckt in der Druckerei der Königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1863.

     Pilling, Athapascan, p. 17.cfSabin 9529.


17. CANADA. PRIVY COUNCIL. Descriptions And Plans Of Certain Indian Reserves In The Province Of Manitoba And The North-West Territories. folio. pp. 113. 1 leaf of errata tipped in. 83 folding colour lithographed plans. new quarter calf. [Ottawa: 1889].                                                                                                                                          $3500


     The information regarding the extent and boundaries of the numerous Indian reservations in Manitoba and the North-West Territories allotted under Treaties 4, 6 and 7, and part of Treaty 2 ,was gathered for the guidance of Indian Agents and other employees of the Department of Indian Affairs, and for the use of the public, especially settlers desirous of taking up lands in the vicinity of the reserves. The descriptions and accompanying plans were prepared by direction of Edgar Dewdney, Indian Commissioner, from the original records of the Department, under the supervision of John C. Nelson, in charge of Indian Reserve Surveys. Each description provides details on area, situation and general features, the number of Indian families in the band, the name of the Chief, the name of the surveyor  by whom the reserve was laid out, and the date of the survey.

     Peel 1765.




18. CAMERON, John. Osteology of the Western and Central Eskimos...Including a special report upon the Dentition By S.G.Ritchie and J.Stanley Bagnall. (Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XII: the Copper Eskimos Part C)...Southern Party 1913-16. 8vo. pp. 79c. 2 full-page text illus. & 7 plates. original printed wrs. Ottawa: F.A.Acland, 1923.

     Arctic Bib. 2669.


19. JENNESS, D[iamond]. Comparative Vocabulary Of The Western Eskimo Dialects. (Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XV: Eskimo Language And Technology. Part A...Southern Party 1913-16). 8vo. pp. 134. wrs. (wrs. foxed, front wr. with crease & short tear). Ottawa: F.A.Acland, 1928.                   $45

     Arctic Bib. 8027.


20. JENNESS, D[iamond]. Eskimo String Figures. (Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XIII: Eskimo Folk-Lore Part B...Southern Party 1913-16). 8vo. pp. 192b. frontis. map. text illus. original printed wrs. Ottawa: F.A.Acland, 1924.                                                                                                                                              

     Arctic Bib. 8032.


21. JENNESS, D[iamond]. The Life Of The Copper Eskimos. (Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XII...Southern Party 1913-16). 8vo. pp. 277. frontis. & text illus. (8 full-page). folding map. original printed wrs. Ottawa: F.A.Acland, 1922.                                                                                                                           

     Arctic Bib. 8041.


22. JENNESS, D[iamond]. The Material Culture Of The Copper Eskimo. (Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XVI...Southern Party 1913-16). 8vo. pp. 148. colour frontis. & 189 text illus. (some full-page, 3 in colour). original printed wrs. Ottawa: Edmond Cloutier, 1946.                                                                

     Arctic Bib. 8043.


23. JENNESS, D[iamond]. Myths And Traditions From Northern Alaska, The Mackenzie Delta And Coronation Gulf. (Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XIII: Eskimo Folk-Lore...Southern Party 1913-16). 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., 90a. original printed wrs. (spine chipped). Ottawa: F.A.Acland, 1924.                                                                    

     Arctic Bib. 8044.


24. JENNESS, D[iamond]. Physical Characteristics of the Copper Eskimos. (Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XII: The Copper Eskimos Part B...Southern Party 1913-16). 8vo. pp. 89b. 12 full-page text illus. original printed wrs. Ottawa: F.A.Acland, 1923.                                                                                                             

     Arctic Bib. 8049.


25. [JENNESS, Diamond, John CAMERON & Stephen G.RITCHIE]. Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XII: The Copper Eskimos Southern Party 1913-16. 3 Parts in 1: The Life Of The Copper Eskimos by D.Jenness, Physical Characteristics Of The Copper Eskimos by D.Jenness, & Osteology And Dentition Of The Western And Central Eskimos by John Cameron & Stephen G.Ritchie. 8vo. pp. 277; 89b; 79c. frontis. & text illus. (8 full-page) & folding map; 12 full-page text illus.; 2 full-page text illus. & 7 plates. original cloth. Ottawa: F.A.Acland, 1923.                 

     Arctic Bib. 8041, 8049, & 2669.


26. ROBERTS, Helen R. & D[iamond] JENNESS. Songs Of The Copper Eskimos. (Report Of The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18 Volume XIV: Eskimo Songs...Southern Party 1913-16]. 8vo. pp. 506. original printed wrs. (slight chipping to head of spine). Ottawa: F.A.Acland, 1925.                                                                                                   

     Arctic Bib. 14673.


27. CARRANCO, Lynwood & Estle BEARD. Genocide and Vendetta The Round Valley Wars of Northern California. 8vo. pp. x, 403. profusely illus. (incl. 1 map). bds. dw. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, [1981].             

     First Edition.


28. CATLIN, Geo[rge] [1776-1872]. Letters And Notes On The Manners, Customs, And Condition Of The North American Indians...Second Edition. 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. viii, 264; viii, 266. 3 engraved maps (1 folding). 309 illustrations on 177 engraved plates. original blind & gilt-stamped cloth (recased with new endpapers, spines faded & worn, joints frayed, spine ends chipped). New York: Wiley And Putnam, 1842.                                                                                          


     A major anthropological study by “one of the most admirable observers of manners who ever lived among the aborigines of America.” (Alexander von Humboldt) The American artist visited a total of forty-eight native tribes on his extensive tour of the great American west, and executed some six hundred paintings, including portraits of Indians in full native dress, views of their villages and wigwams, and portrayals of their games, dances, religious ceremonies, buffalo hunting and other amusements. The present narrative vividly relates his adventures, and faithfully records the manners and customs of the Blackfoot, Cree, Ojibway, Sioux, Pawnee, Osage, Chinook, Cherokee, and other tribes; of special interest is the section on the Mandans of the Upper Missouri, who were annihilated by smallpox in 1837. The numerous illustrations were copied and reduced for the engraver by Catlin himself, from his original paintings.

     McCracken 8G. Howes C-241. Sabin 11536. cfWagner-Camp 84:4 (London imprint). cfField 260. cfStreeter III 1805.


29. CATLIN, George [1776-1872].Life Among The Indians. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., [v]-vii, [1]blank, [2], [17]-352. 4 plates (incl. frontis.) & several text illus. original pictorial cloth (spine ends frayed). London & Edinburgh: Gall And Inglis, [c1870].         


     Later edition of this work written for a younger audience, including information on the author’s life not to be found elsewhere according to Howes.

     cfField 263.cfHowes C-242. cfSabin 11541.


30. (CAYUGAS). GREAT BRITIAN. Arbitration Of Outstanding Pecuniary Claims Between Great Britain And The United States of America The Cayuga Indians. Memorial Of His Britannic Majesty’s Government In Support Of The Claim. 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. 108; 472. original printed wrs. (spine ends chipped or cello-taped). ownership rubberstamp of Sir Arthur Doughty. Ottawa: Government Printing Bureau, 1912.                                                                                             


31. (CAYUGAS). UNITED STATES. American and British Claims Arbitration. Cayuga Indians. Answer of the United States. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., 133. cloth. ownership rubberstamp of Sir Arthur Doughty. np: [c1912].                                 


32. CHAMPLAIN, Samuel de [c1570-1635]. Oeuvres De Champlain Publiées Sous Le Patronage De L’Université Laval Par L’Abbé C.-H. Laverdière…Seconde Édition. 6 Volumes in 2. 4to. 2 p.l., lxxvi, iv, 48; iv, viii, 63; 2 p.l., xvi, 327; 2 p.l., viii, 143; viii, 15, [1], 328; 343, 55, 8, 20, 36, 30, [1 leaf]. [also paginated continuously throughout the set]. with half-title. first title in red & black. frontis. portrait, 3 text illus. & 77 maps & plates (some folding, a few colour, some double-illus.). decorative ornaments & initials. new quarter calf over contemporary cloth sides. Quebec: Printed at the Seminary by Geo.-E. Desbarats, 1870.     


     Second Edition. “A fire in the press destroyed the first edition, from the proofs of which this second edition was prepared.” (TPL)

     Dionne I 1079.Gagnon I 767. Lande 120. TPL 26.


33. CHAMPLAIN, Samuel de. The Works…Reprinted, Translated And Annotated By Six Canadian Scholars Under The General Editorship Of H.P.Biggar… 7 Vols. (incl. uniform portfolio). 8vo. numerous plates & maps (some folding). some text illus. original gilt-crested cloth, top edge gilt, others uncut (mixed subscriber numbers - some discolouration to cloth – not uniform on all volumes as usual, 4 spines faded, a few gatherings roughly opened). Toronto: Champlain Society, 1922-1936.     

     Edition limited to 550 copies.

     TPL 30.


34. CHAPPELL, Edward [1792-1861]. Narrative Of A Voyage To Hudson’s Bay In His Majesty’s Ship Rosamond Containing Some Account Of The North-Eastern Coast Of America And Of The Tribes Inhabiting That Remote Region. 8vo. pp. 6 p.l., 279. 1 folding engraved map (frontis.), 4 engraved plates (3 double-illustrated), & 2 wood engravings in the text. modern half calf (some foxing to plates & neighbouring leaves, plates offset). London: Printed For Mawman By R.Watts, 1817.


     First Edition. A lieutenant in the British Navy, Chappell made two separate voyages in the ship Rosamond to the northeast coast of Canada, the first in 1813 to Newfoundland and Labrador to patrol the British North American fisheries, and the second in 1814 to Hudson’s Bay to convoy two vessels of the Hudson’s Bay Company and a Moravian mission brig. A considerable portion of this journal of the second voyage is devoted to an interesting and sympathetic account of the Eskimo of the Hudson’s Bay region and Labrador. Chappell also describes six coast and river forts of the Hudson’s Bay Company at the time, i.e. Churchill, York, Severn, Moose, Albany, and East Main, and expresses profound disapproval of the monopolistic and secretive policies of the company. Included is a vocabulary of the Cree or Knisteneaux Indians and some brief discussion of Lord Selkirk’s Red River Settlement.

     Arctic Bib. 2994. Lande 1117. Pilling, Eskimo, p. 72. Sabin 12005. TPL 976. Story p. 167.


With 28 Maps & Plans of New France by Bellin

35. CHARLEVOIX, P[ierre François Xavier] De [1682- 1761]. Histoire Et Description Générale De La Nouvelle France, Avec Le Journal Historique d'un Voyage fait par ordre du Roi dans l'Amérique Septentrionale. 3 Volumes. [Vol. III with variant title: Journal D'Un Voyage...]. 4to. pp. 4 p.l., viii, lxi, [1], [2], ix-xxvi, 664; 2 p.l., 56, xv, [1], 582; 2 p.l., xix, xiv, 543. with half-titles. titles in red & black. 28 mostly folding maps & plans by Jacques Nicholas Bellin, engraved by Dheulland, 44 engraved plates on 22 folding sheets depicting 96 varieties of American flora. title vignettes & 4 elaborate headpieces drawn by A.Humblot & engraved on copper by P.Aveline. numerous woodcut headpieces & initials. contemporary calf, gilt backs, Vol. I rebacked with spine mounted, corners renewed (Vol. II front joint cracked, several neat joint repairs). armorial bookplate of Earl Fitzwilliam. Paris: Rolin Fils, 1744.                                                       


First Edition. The product of twenty years research and reflection, based on personal observation and material gathered from the archives of the Jesuit order and the Department of Marine, Charlevoix's famous work is the first general history of the French discoveries and settlements in North America, covering the period 1500 to 1736. Charlevoix, who was a Jesuit missionary to New France from 1705 to 1709, was charged in 1720-22, by the regent Philippe, Duc d'Orléans, to investigate the rumours about the existence of a western sea between the New World and the Orient. Volumes V-VI of his history provides a detailed and precise account of his observations made during the course of that journey, by canoe, up the St. Lawrence, through the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi to New Orleans, with stops at missions and fur-trading posts along the way. The work contains much important information about the Indian tribes and settlements, particularly in the Mississippi Country, and includes "one of the most valuable, if not the most valuable, early accounts of Louisiana." (Clark)

Charlevoix's history is also highly valued for a number of other reasons. It  contains the first annotated bibliography of New France (Vol. I pp. xli-[lxii]) (see Harrisse 'Bibliotheca Americana', pp. xvii-xviii), a remarkable illustrated descriptive catalogue of the principal plants of North America (Vol. II, pp. 56), an annotated calendar of major voyages and discoveries (Vol. I, pp. v-xl), and 28 engraved maps and plans of Acadia, Louisbourg, Port Royale, Port Dauphin, Quebec, the St. Lawrence, the River Saguenay, Montreal, Newfoundland, Hudson's Bay, James Bay, the Great Lakes, Louisiana, the mouth of the Mississippi, &c., prepared especially for the work by distinguished French cartographer, Jacques Nicholas Bellin (see Karpinski pp. 137-38). There is also a short essay by Bellin prefixed to Volume III (pp. xix), discussing the accuracy of his maps and the errors and misrepresentations of earlier cartographers.

Dionne II 439. European Americana 744/50. Howes C-307. JCB I 763. Sabin 12135. Vlach 146 (incomplete). For variant issues with different publishers’ imprints, see Bell C270, Clark I 59 (1), Field 282, Gagnon I 793, Lande 125, TPL 4697, Streeter I 123. cfArents 730. DCB III pp. 103-110. Winsor V 63.


36. CHAUMONOT, Pierre Joseph Marie [1611-1693]. La Vie Du R.P. Pierre Joseph Marie Chaumonot, De La Compagnie De Jésus, Missionnaire dans la Nouvelle France, Écrite par lui-même par ordre de son Supérieur, l’an 1688. [WITH:] [RASLE, Sebastien] [1657?-1724]. Suite De La Vie…Par un Père de la même Compagnie avec la manière d’oraison du vénérable Père, écrite par lui-même. 2 Volumes. small 4to. pp. 108; 66, [1 leaf]. title vignette. decorative ornaments & initials. Uncut in original drab brown wrs. (spines taped, some chipping to edges, library rubberstamp on titles). New York: the Cramoisy Press of Jean-Marie Shea, [Printed at Albany by J.Munsell], 1858.                                                                    


     First Editions. Only 100 copies were printed according to Howes.The original manuscript of Chaumonot’s life is in the Hôtel Dieu at Quebec. “A Jesuit missionary who came to Quebec in 1639, [Chaumonot] served in the Huron Missions until they were destroyed by the Iroquois in 1649. He then led a small band of survivors to Île Saint-Joseph (Christian Island), Georgian Bay, where Father Paul Ragueneau, superior of the Huron missions, had established a refuge. Ragueneau and Chaumonot brought the survivors to Quebec in 1650, and in 1651 Chaumonot was appointed to the mission founded for Christian Hurons on the Island of Orleans. In 1655 Chaumonot, accompanied by Father Claude Dablon, travelled to the Onondaga villages south of Lake Ontario where they founded a mission. Mounting hostility among the Indians placed them in great danger, and they barely escaped with their lives in 1658. Between 1659 and 1661 Chaumonot was sent by the governor of New France on several embassies to the Onondagas, and he was chaplain to five companies of troops at Quebec in 1663-4 and then at Fort Richelieu in 1665. Chaumonot’s greatest achievement, however, was the founding in 1673 of the mission of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette on the St. Charles River, about eight miles from Quebec, where a seigniory owned by the Jesuits was dedicated to the use of Christian Indians. Chaumonot died at Quebec [in 1693].” (Story)

     TPL 101 & 103. Dionne II 1393-94. Field 288-89. Gagnon II 409-10. Sabin 12297-98. Bibliotheca Munselliana p. 91, Howes C-329 & Lande S2395 (1st title only). Story pp. 169-70 & p. 694.


37. CODY, H[iram] A[lfred]. An Apostle Of The North Memoirs Of the Right Reverend William Carpenter Bompas, D.D. First Bishop of Athabasca, 1874-1884, First Bishop of Mackenzie River, 1884-1891 First Bishop of Selkirk (Yukon), 1891-1906. 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., vii-xviii, 19-386. 42 illus. on 40 plates. gilt-stamped cloth (Canadian School of Missions bookplate & number on spine). Toronto: Musson Book Co. Limited & London: Seeley & Co. Limited, [1908].      

     Peel 2913.


38. COLDEN, Cadwallader [1688-1776]. The History Of The Five Indian Nations Of Canada, Which Are dependent On the Province of Nedw-York in America...The Third Edition. 2 Volumes. 12mo. pp. xii, [4], 260; 2 p.l., 251, [9]ads. folding engraved map (frontis.). contemporary sprinkled calf, rebacked, endpapers preserved (clean tear in map repaired – no loss, some light foxing to map & outer leaves). London: Printed for Lockyer Davis, J.Wren, and J.Ward, 1755.     


     Third London Edition of the first general history of the Iroquois Indians, with discussion of their manners and customs, forms of government, wars and treaties, and the current state of their trade and alliance with the British nation. Colden, surveyor-general of New York, is here especially concerned with thwarting French attempts to monopolize the fur trade.

     The original edition of Colden's history, published in New York in 1727, the first historical work to be printed there, is basically unobtainable, being known in only ten copies according to Streeter. Large additions were incorporated into the first London edition of 1747, including the text of various charters relating to Pennsylvania, from that of William Penn up until 1701.

     Dionne II 381. Gagnon I 928. Howes C-560. Sabin 14275. Vlach 166. cfField 342. cfStreeter II 868. cfTPL 220.


39. COLLISON, W[illiam] H[enry] [1847-1922].In The Wake Of The War Canoe A Stirring Record Of Forty Years’ Successful Labour, Peril & Adventure Amongst The Savage Indian Tribes Of The Pacific Coast, And The Piratical Headhunting Haidas Of The Queen Charlotte Islands, B.C. 12mo. pp. 351, [1]. 1 map & 16 plates. original gilt-stamped cloth. Toronto: Musson Book Company Limited, [c1915].                                                                                                          


     First Canadian Edition. “An account by a Church of England missionary of his early work in the Queen Charlotte Islands and along the Skeena River.” (Lowther)

     Lowther 1623.


40. COPWAY, George [1818?-1863]. The Life, History, And Travels, Of Kah-Ge-Ga-Gah-Bowh (George Copway)…Sixth Edition. 8vo. pp. [8], x, [11]-158, [2]. engraved frontis. portrait. A nice copy in original blind-stamped cloth. Philadelphia: James Harmstead, 1847.                                                                                                                          $450


     An Ojibway from Rice Lake, Canada West, Copway was educated in Illinois and became a Wesleyan missionary to his people. This autobiographical sketch also includes an account of the history and condition of the Ojibway Indians in Canada (on the Thames River, London district, Amherstburg, on the River St. Clair, at Walpole Island, Rice Lake, Mud Lake, Snake Island, Lake Simcoe, &c.).

     cfField 366. cfField C-770. cfLande 1690. cfPilling, Algonquian, p. 92. cfSabin 16716. cfTPL 7916.


41. COPWAY, G[eorge] [1818-1863]. The Traditional History And Characteristic Sketches Of The Ojibway Nation. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., [v]-xi, [1]blank, 266, 6(ads). 2 tinted lithographs (incl. frontis.) by Richardson after Darly. several text illus. original blind-stamped cloth, rebacked, retaining endleaves (corners worn, light foxing to frontis. & title slightly darkened, dampmark to lower outer corner of last few leaves). Boston: Benjamin B.Mussey & Co., 1851.             


     First American Edition, and the first to contain the two plates. The London edition of the previous year was unillustrated. An Ojibway from Rice Lake, Canada West, Copway was educated in Illinois and became a Wesleyan missionary to his people. Included here are discussion of the language and writings of the Ojibways, their government, religious beliefs, traditions, and customs, as well as an account of their settlements in Canada West: Amherstburg, Thames River, Credit River, Rice and Mud Lake, &c.

     Field 365. Howes C-772. TPL 8123. Lande S544. Sabin 16722.


42. DOMENECH, Em[manuel Henri Dieu Donné], abbé [1825-1886]. Voyage Pittoresque Dans Les Grands Déserts Du Nouveau Monde. large 8vo. pp. 4 p.l., 608. with half-title. 40 tinted wood-engraved plates. wood-engraved title vignette. contemporary half chagrin, all edges gilt (edges bit rubbed, some scattered moderate foxing). Paris: Morizot, nd.   


     Domenech was a missionary in Texas and Mexico and chaplain and almoner in the service of Maximilien, Emperor of Mexico. He wrote a number of works on the American southwest and the American Indian, including a rather unfortunate treatise which seriously discredited his scholarly abilities. This particular work is based on a number of sources, including an earlier book Missionary Adventures in Texas and Mexico, but it is chiefly a compilation from Pacific Railroad reports, from which some of the plates were also taken. Other plates are lifted from the work of George Catlin. Parts of the text relate to Texas, New Mexico, California, Utah, Oregon, Louisiana, Minnesota, &c., with some mention of Canada. There are sections on Indian antiquities; and descriptions of the various tribes, customs, languages, religions, &c.

     Sabin 20555. Howes D-410. cfWagner-Camp 356:2. cfClark III 305. cfCowan p. 70. cfField 444. cfGraff 1121.


43. DONALDSON, Thomas C. [1843-1898] (Editor). The George Catlin Indian Gallery In The U.S. National Museum (Smithsonian Institution) With Memoir And Statistics. [Part V of Annual Report Of The Board of Regents of  the Smithsonian Institution…To July, 1885.]. bound in 2 volumes. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., vii, [3]-422; 423-939. 144 plates (incl. 3 photogravure portraits & 7 maps – 4 folding of which 2 are partially coloured & 2 are very large & in full colour). modern buckram (edges of some leaves & plates chipped with loss of headlines & several words on pp. 307-08 only, the 2 large maps with tears & fold splits repaired – no loss). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1886.                                                                         


     Including a history of the George Catlin Indian Gallery, a description of the several catalogues of the gallery and collections, a full annotated catalogue of Catlin’s Indian portraits, landscapes, sporting scenes, depictions of Indian manners and customs, with notes and sketches of tribal history and statistics to June 30, 1886, an annotated catalogue of Catlin’s notes on the manners and customs of the tribes, his itinerary for 1830-71, a memoir of Catlin, testimonials regarding the value of Catlin’s gallery and work by statesmen and scientists, a bibliography, and statistics and information on the American and Canadian tribes and aboriginal affairs.

     Howes D-416.

44. DRAKE, Benjamin. Life Of Tecumseh, and Of His Brother The Prophet; With A Historical Sketch Of The Shawanoe Indians. 12mo. pp. viii, [9]-235. 3 wood-engraved text illus. (incl. frontis.). original blind-stamped cloth (shabby, extremities worn, some foxing & browning – rather heavy on some pages). Cincinnati: H.M.Rulison & Philadelphia: Quaker City Publishing House, 1856.                                                                                                                                            

     Howes D-460. Sabin 20811.


45. EUSEBIUS [PAMPHILI], Bishop of Caesarea] [266-340]. Chronicon quod Hieronymius presbyter divino eius ingenio Latinum facere curavit… 4to. ff. [20], 175 [i.e. 173]. lacking final blank. title within woodcut border with arms of the University of Paris & 2 putti at head & Estienne’s name set in type in a circle at the foot. criblé initials in 3 sizes. printed in red & black throughout except for title & index. old vellum (fore-margin of first few leaves frayed, outer margins in last 3 gatherings cropped with some text shaved on last 6 leaves). [Paris]: Henri Estienne], 30 October 1518.                                             


     Second Estienne Edition (first: 1512) of St. Jerome’s Latin version of Eusebius’s chronicle (extended to 381), with the continuations of Prosper of Aquitaine (to 448), Matteo Palmieri (to 1449), Mattia Palmieri (to 1481), and Joannes Multivallis (to 1512). Of special interest are the reference to the invention of printing by Gutenberg under the year 1457 and a passage relating to America on folio 172v under the year 1509. This latter is generally agreed to be the earliest printed reference to Canadian aboriginals, describing the arrival in Rouen of seven savages from “that island which is called Terra Nova’ (probably Micmacs or Beothuks brought back from his 1508 voyage to the New world by Thomas Albert, the Dieppe pilot. The event is visually recorded in a work in bas-relief which is still preserved in the church of St. James in Dieppe. The aboriginals are vividly described as having, “hair dark and coarse like a horse’s mane; no beard through their whole life…not any hair on their whole body except that of the head and eyebrows…their boat is of bark and one man can carry it on his shoulders.”

     Adams E-1074. Renouard p. 20 no.9. Schreiber 28. Mortimer, Harvard 16th Century French, 217. Alden 518/3. JCB I 69-70. BM STC 158. cfSabin 23114.


46. FROST, F[rederick] [1855-1922].Sketches Of Indian Life...With An Introductory Preface By His Lordship The Bishop Of Algoma. 12mo. pp. vii, [8]-297. 16 plates (incl. frontis. portrait). original pictorial cloth (slightly soiled, corners bit frayed). Toronto: William Briggs, 1904.


     First Edition. The author served as a missionary for thirty years among the Ojibway of Garden River and Manitoulin Island and the north shore of Lake Huron and Lake Superior.


47. FROST, John [1800-1859].Indian Wars Of The United States; From The Earliest Period To The Present Time. 8vo. pp. 300. hand-coloured wood-engraved frontis. & numerous wood-engraved illus. after W.Croome & others (many full-page). original publisher’s binding of full blind-stamped roan, gilt back (extremities bit rubbed, few scratches to rear cover). Auburn: Derby And Miller, 1851.                                                                                                                                 

     cfField 574. cfSabin 26040.

[BOUND WITH:] DRAKE, Samuel G[ardner] [1798-1875].Indian Captivities Or Life In The Wigwam; Being Narratives Of Captives Who Have Been Carried Away By The Indians From The Frontier Settlements Of The United States, From The Earliest Period To The Present Time. 8vo. pp. 367, [5]index. frontis. & numerous wood-engraved illus. (some full-page). Auburn: Derby And Miller, 1851.

     cfField 456. Howes D-477. Sabin 20875


48. FROST, John & Samuel DRAKE. Frost`s Pictorial History Of Indian Wars And Captivities… 2 Parts in 1. 8vo. pp. 6 p.l., [v]-355; vi, [7]-367, [5]index. additional wood-engraved title & numerous wood-engraved text illus. (68 full-page; incl. 2 frontis.). original gilt-stamped cloth (extremities frayed, small stain on upper cover, some foxing). New York: Wells Publishing Company…, 1873-72.                                                                                                                   


     Part II is titled: Indian Captivities Or Life In The Wigwam; Being True Narratives Of Captives Who Have Been Carried Away By The Indians, From The Frontier Settlements Of The United States…By Samuel G.Drake...

     cfSabin 26039 & 20874. cfHowes D-477 & Field 456 (Drake).


49. GOWANLOCK, Theresa & Theresa DELANEY. Two Months in the Camp of Big Bear. The Life and Adventures Of... 2 Parts in 1. 8vo.pp. 141, [3]ads. 14 full-page illus. 2 illus. in ads. decorative tailpieces. original cloth (extremities bit frayed). Parkdale [Toronto]: Times Office, 1885.


     First Edition, issue with pp. 141, and signature marks appearing in the lower left hand side (considered by Graff to probably be the earlier issue); in this copy pp. [137-38] (copyright) is uncancelled. Mrs. Gowanlock and Mrs. Delaney, together with two men, one of whom escaped before the shooting started, were the sole survivors of the Frog Lake Massacre on the Northern Saskatchewn during the North West Rebellion of 1885, and were held captive for two months by the Crees.

     Peel 1457. Ayer Suppt. I, 60. Graff 1605n. Lande 1194.


50. HALL, Charles Francis [1821-1871]. Life With The Esquimaux: The Narrative Of Captain..., Of The Whaling Barque "George Henry," From The 29th May, 1860, To The 13th September, 1862... 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. xvi, 324; xii, 352. with half-titles. 18 wood-engraved plates, large folding map in front pocket & 85 wood-engraved text illus. (incl. portraits, facsimiles, & 3 maps & charts, some full-page). modern half calf (occasional light spotting). London: Sampson Low, Son, And Marston, 1864.      $1750


     First Edition. Narrative of Hall's first arctic expedition, 1860-62, made primarily in the hopes of discovering further information regarding the fate of Sir John Franklin, and financed by public subscription under the auspices of the American Geographical Society. In the whaler Henry George, Hall sailed to Holsteinsborg, West Greenland, across Davis Strait to Cornelius Grinnell Bay (just north of Frobisher Bay) on Baffin Island. There he located the ruins of Martin Frobisher's stone house, several relics, and traces of his gold mining venture of 1576-78, and conducted the first, and for a long time, the only mapping of the region. Included are detailed descriptions of the Inuit and their way of life.

     Arctic Bib. 6485. National Maritime Museum I 940. Smith 3978. TPL 4146. cfSabin 29739. Story p. 341.


51. HARMON, Daniel Williams [1778-1843]. A Journal Of Voyages And Travels In The Interior Of North America… 8vo. pp. xxiii, [1] blank, [25]-432. with the half-title & the errata slip (mounted on rear paste-down). engraved frontis. portrait. lacking folding engraved map. contemporary sheep (covers worn, extremities chipped, some browning & foxing throughout as usual). Andover: Printed By Flagg And Gould, 1820.                                                                                              


     First Edition. Although the authenticity of the narrative suffers slightly from the revisions made by the moralistic editor, Daniel Haskel, Harmon’s journal remains one of the most important accounts of the fur-trade and the Canadian north-west. Harmon, in the employ of the North West Company, spent nineteen years among the aboriginals in the Swan River, Athabaska, Nipigon, and Rainy River districts, 1800-19. The map is based on that of Alexander Mackenzie drawn by Arrowsmith, but with some additions and corrections. It shows the country between Quebec and the north-west coast, with designations for the territories occupied by the various native tribes. The narrative is followed by ‘An Account of the Indians Living West of the Rocky Mountain’, ‘A General Account of the Indians on the East Side of the Rocky Mountain’, vocabularies of the Cree and the Tacully or Carrier Tongue, and ‘A Concise Account of the Principle Animals Which are Found in the North Western Part of North America’.

     Bell H42. Field 656. Gagnon I 1609. Graff 1786. Howes H-205. Lande 1216. Lowther 245. Matthews 537. Peel 117. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 222. Story p. 345. Streeter VI 3692. TPL 1171. Wagner-Camp 17.


52. HARRIS, W[illiam] R[ichard] 1847-1923]. History Of The Early Missions in Western Canada. 12mo. pp. vii, [8]-339. folding map. original cloth (extremities frayed, several library rubberstamps, tear in gutter margin of title). Toronto: Hunter, Rose And Company, 1893.

     First Edition. 


53. HARVEY, Henry. History Of The Shawnee Indians, From The Year 1681 To 1854, Inclusive. 8vo. pp. x, 316. engraved frontis. portrait. original blind-stamped cloth (extremities chipped, occasional light foxing). Cincinnati: Ephraim Morgan & Sons, 1855.     

     First Edition, Second Issue.

     Field 663. Howes H-275. Sabin 30775.

54. [HASTINGS, Susannah (Willard)] Johnson [1730-1810].A Narrative Of The Captivity Of Mrs. Johnson. Containing An Account Of Her Sufferings, During Four Years, With The Indians And French…Fourth Edition. 16mo. pp. 150. contemporary roan-backed bds. (worn, front cover detached, front flyleaf wanting, moderate foxing throughout, short tears in 2 leaves – no loss, corner of 1 leaf torn away with loss of a few letters). Lowell: Daniel Bixby, 1834.                              


     Fourth American Edition. Originally published in Walpole, New Hampshire in 1796. Captured by aboriginals, near Charleston in the Upper Connecticut Valley in 1754, Mrs. Johnson, together with her husband, children, and other family members and friends, were spirited away to Canada, where most were held captive until 1758. During the journey Mrs. Johnson gave birth to a baby girl, whom she named ‘Captive’. “One of the most interesting of all the Indian captivities.” (Sabin)

     Ayer 122. Howes J-153. Sabin 36327. Vail 1125. cfField 785-87. cfLande S1138. cfTPL 6664 & 6840.


55. HENRY, Alexander [1739-1824]. Travels And Adventures In Canada And The Indian Territories, Between The Years 1760 And 1776. In Two Parts. 8vo. pp. vi, [1 leaf], 330, [1 leaf]errata. complete with the engraved frontis. portrait by P.Maverick which is often wanting. Uncut in original bds. (small nick in spine, 1 prelim misbound, lacking front flyleaf, paper lightly embrowned). ownership entry of bibliographer Frederick Müller. New York: Printed And Published By I.Riley, 1809.


     First Edition. A classic of Canadian travel literature and one of the most vivid and authentic accounts of the fur trade in the Canadian West. Henry came to Canada shortly after the British conquest in 1760, and became one of the first fur traders from the British colonies to penetrate the Great Lakes region which was formerly controlled by the French. He spent sixteen years in the west, travelling as far as the valley of the Saskatchewan, before retiring to Montreal as a general merchant. His narrative includes a first-hand account of the Indian uprising of 1763 at Michilimackinac, one of the primary sources used by Francis Parkman when writing The Conspiracy of Pontiac. Henry himself narrowly escaped the massacre, but was subsequently captured and held prisoner by the northern Indians. The description of his lengthy captivity contains much valuable information regarding native manners and customs.

     Bell H129. Field 686. Gagnon I 1652. Graff 1866. Howes H-420. Jones 732. Lande 1224. Peel 18. Sabin 31383. Shaw & Shoemaker 17737. TPL 484. Wagner-Camp 7.


56. HILL-TOUT, C[harles] [1858-1944]. The Native Races of the British Empire British North America I. The Far West The Home Of The Salish And Déné. 8vo. pp. xiv, 263. folding map & 33 plates (incl. frontis.). untrimmed in original blind & gilt-stamped cloth (some foxing). Toronto: Copp Clark Company Limited, 1907.                                                        

     First Edition.


Chromolithographed Plates After Watercolours by W.G.R.Hind

57. HIND, Henry Youle [1823-1908]. Explorations In The Interior Of The Labrador Peninsula The Country Of The Montagnais And Nasquapee Indians. 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., [v]-xv, [1], 351; xiii, [1 leaf], 304. with half-title in Vol. II only. 2 engraved maps (1 folding), 12 chromolithographed plates, & 23 wood-engraved text illus. (1 full-page). modern half calf, top edge gilt (extremities bit rubbed, occasional light foxing & marginal soiling, short repaired marginal tear in folding map). London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, 1863.                                                                                            


     First Edition. Hind, a professor of chemistry at the University of Toronto, had previously been engaged as a geologist by the Canadian government on the Red River and Assiniboine and Saskatchewan surveying expeditions of 1857-58. In 1861, in company with his brother, artist William George Richardson Hind, he explored Labrador along the Montagnais route, from the Bay of Seven Islands on the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, overland through the interior by the Moisie River to Hamilton Inlet on the Labrador coast.

     In addition to providing a detailed report on the topography and natural history of the country, Hind’s narrative also contains much interesting detail regarding the Esquimaux, Montagnais, Nasquapee and Abenakis Indians, their customs and way of life. Historical accounts are given of the various Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Moravian missions established there, as well as of the political and commercial importance of the Labrador peninsula and Newfoundland fisheries. The chromolithographed plates, after original watercolours by W.G.R.Hind, are particularly striking, and vividly portray the Labrador landscape, the events of the journey, and various aspects of local aboriginal life.

     Dionne II 1465. Field 700. Lande 442. Morgan p. 189. O’Dea 675. Sabin 31933. TPL 4069. Watters p. 966. Story pp. 358 & 418.


58. HIND, Henry Youle [1823-1908]. Narrative of the Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition of 1857, and of the Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expeditions of 1858. In Two Volumes. 8vo. pp. xx, 494; xvi, 472, [3]ads. with half-titles. 8 engraved maps & plans (all coloured; 3 folding, incl. one sheet showing 4 profiles), 20 chromoxylographs & numerous wood-engraved text illus. with half-titles. A fine set in modern quarter morooco, all edges gilt (light foxing to outer leaves). London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts, 1860.                                                                                         


     First Edition. Hind, a professor of chemistry at the University of Toronto, was engaged as a geologist by the Canadian Government in 1857 and 1858 on the surveying expeditions which explored the country between Lake Superior and the Red River, and between the Red River and the south branch of the Saskatchewan. The exploration was conducted with the view to establishing the possibility of an emigrant route west from Lake Superior. This is Hind's personal account of the expeditions (official government reports were also issued), in which he devotes considerable detailed discussion to the habits and customs of the Cree and Chippeway Indians, with whom he lived virtually constantly during that period. The attractive chromoxylograph plates (wood engravings tinted from another engraved block in one, two or three colours) depict topographical views and scenes from Indian life. All of the illustrations are after photographs taken by Humphrey Lloyd Hime, photographer of the expedition, or after sketches by John Fleming, assistant surveyor and draughtsman.

     Abbey, Travel, 630. Field 699. Graff 1892. Lande 1235. Morgan p. 188. Peel 221. Pilling, Siouan, p. 36. Sabin 31934. Wagner-Camp 361. Watters. p. 966. TPL 3820. Story p. 358.


59. HODGE, Frederick Webb (Editor). Handbook Of American Indians North Of Mexico. [At Head of Title:] Smithsonian Institution Bureau Of American Ethnology Bulletin 30. 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. ix, 972; iv, 1221. text in double columns. folding partly coloured map. numerous text illus. original cloth (short tears in pp. 949-68 – no loss). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907-10.                                                                                                                            


     First Edition. “The [alphabetically arranged] handbook contains a descriptive list of the stocks, confederacies, tribes, tribal divisions, and settlements north of Mexico (including the Eskimo), accompanied with the various names by which these have been known, together with biographies of Indians of note, sketches of their history, archeology, manners, arts, customs, and institutions, and the aboriginal words incorporated into the English language.” (Letter of Transmittal)

     Howes H-556.


60. HOOPER, W[illiam Hulse] [1827-1854]. Ten Months Among The Tents Of The Tuski, With Incidents Of An Arctic Boat Expedition In Search Of Sir John Franklin, As Far As The Mackenzie River, And Cape Bathurst. 8vo. pp. xv, [1], 417, [1]. with half-title. 5 plates (incl. 4 tinted lithographs by J.Brandard after P.Skill), 2 maps (incl. folding partially coloured lithographed map) & 5 text illus. contemporary calf, gilt back (joints & extremities rubbed). London: John Murray, 1853.


     First Edition. Hooper participated in one of the earliest expeditions sent out to search for the missing John Franklin, 1848-51. The H.M.S. Plover, commanded by T.E.L.Moore, was to approach the Arctic Sea from the Pacific, passing through Bering Strait and following the coast eastward. Hooper and Pullen’s party made their way as far east as the mouth of the Mackenzie River, which they ascended, Hooper wintering (1849-50) on the shores of Bear Lake, close to Fort Franklin, Pullen at Fort Simpson. They returned to the mouth of the river and then again to Fort Simpson where they passed a second winter, before returning to England overland through Canada.

     Of particular value are Hooper’s detailed descriptions of the manners, customs, and living conditions of the Mackenzie Esquimaux and Indians, the North Alaska Esquimaux and, especially of the ‘Tuski’ or native inhabitants of the Chukotsk Peninsula, gathered during his ten-month stay in the northeastern extremity of Asia bordering on the Bering Strait.

     Abbey, Travel, 641. Arctic Bib. 7395. Field 713. Lada-Mocarski 140. Lande 1238 (no plate count). National Maritime Museum I 903 (incorrect plate count). Smith 4615. TPL 3176. Wickersham 6591.


61. HORN, Georg [1620-1670]. De Originibus Americanis. Libri Quatuor. 8vo. pp. 10 p.l., 282. title in red & black. printer’s device on title. woodcut headpieces & initials. 17th century calf (extremities rubbed, joints cracked, tail of spine repaired). armorial bookplate of Sinclair (probably John Sinclair, the seventh Baron [1610-1676]. St. Clair or Sinclair arms stamped in gilt at head of spine (probably Henry St. Clair, the eighth Lord Sinclair). The Hague: Adrian Vlacq 1652.                $1500


     First Edition. One of the principal works in the celebrated literary dispute over the origins of the American aborigines. The controversy began in 1642, when Dutch jurist, Hugo Grotius, published his De Origine Gentium Americanorum, in which he postulated that all of North America, except for Yucatan, was inhabited by the descendents of pre-Columbian Scandinavian colonists, that the Peruvians were from China, and that the regions south of Peru were peopled by the Moluccans. His theory aroused an antagonist in Joannes de Laet, who counter-posed that the Scythian race furnished the predominant population of America. Horn entered the debate at the suggestion of De Laet, whose view he supported, but he also held to later additions from the Phoenicians and Carthaginians on the Atlantic side, and from the Chinese on the Pacific.

     The work contains references to early travels and accounts of America, and discussion of the Huron and Iroquois tribes of Canada.

     European Americana 652/111. Sabin 33014. TPL 6327. Field 717. JCB II 418. Leclerc 290. Rahir 2056. Graesse III 370. Winsor I 369-70.


62. HOWLEY, James P[atrick] [1847-1918].The Beothucks Or Red Indians The Aboriginal Inhabitants Of Newfoundland. 4to. pp.xx, 348. 38 plates & 10 sketches/sketch maps on 8 plates (1 folding). biblio. index. cloth (few marks on upper cover). in tattered dw. Cambridge: At The University Press, 1915. 


     First Edition. The definitive work on the subject, the culmination of forty years of research. Included here is the text of W.E.Cormack’s Narrative of a journey across the island of Newfoundand in 1822, an account by the first white man to cross Newfoundland by foot. Cormack founded the Beothuk institute at St. John’s in 1827, and on another expedition found the only survivor of the tribe, Nancy Shanawdithit, who died at his home two years later.

     O’Dea 1616.


63. HUBBARD, William. The History Of The Indian Wars in New England  From The First Settlement To The Termination Of The War With King Philip, In 1677… 2 Volumes. small 4to. pp. xxxi, [1], 292; 303. with half-titles. titles in red & black. folding frontis. map. decorative headpieces & initials. contemporary half chagrin (3 covers detached). Roxbury, Mass.: Printed For W. Eliot Woodward, 1865.                                                                                                                 


     Best Edition, Limited to 350 numbered copies (50 on large paper), initialed by the publisher. The editor, Samuel G. Drake, has carefully revised the original text and added a bibliographical preface, life and pedigree of the author, and extensive notes. “A cornerstone authority on the subject.” (Howes) The map of New England in the original edition, published in Boston in 1677, was the first American map made in the country.

     Field 733. Howes H-756. Sabin 33453.


64. HUNTER, John D[unn]. Memoirs Of A Captivity Among The Indians Of North America, From Childhood To The Age Of Nineteen; With Anecdotes Descriptive Of Their Manners And Customs. To Which Is Added, Some Account Of The Soil, Climate, And Vegetable Productions Of The Territories Westward Of The Mississippi. 8vo. pp. ix, 447, [1]. later cloth (spine taped). London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, And Brown, 1823.                                                           


     First London Edition. Hunter claimed to have been captured by the Kickapoo Indian when he was a small child and lived for many years in their midst; subsequently he spent some time with the Kansas and Osage tribes. His discussion of native manners and customs embraces religion, marriage and polygamy, crimes and punishments, war and patriotism, family government, surgery and medicine. The autobiography includes an account of Hunter’s journey across the Rockies to the Pacific on the south side of the Columbia River.

     Ayer 142. Gagnon I 1721. Howes H-813. Wagner-Camp 24:2. cfSabin 339220-21. cfField 743.


65. (ILLINOIS). CATHOLIC CHURCH. LITURGY AND RITUAL. BREVIARY. ILLINOIS. Facsimile Of Père Marquette's Illinois Prayer Book. Its History By The Owner Colonel J.L.Hubert Neilson, M.D. oblong 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., [7]-12, [1], [ff. 2].65 plates. original roan-backed gilt-stamped cloth (spine worn). Quebec: Quebec Literary and Historical Society, 1908.      


     Edition Limited to 300 numbered copies. According to the preface, the pewter plate and spoon illustrated here and the Prayer Book in the language of the Illinois reproduced here in facsimile were relics of Père Jacques Marquette [1637-1675], the Jesuit missionary, and were kept for many years at the Mackinack mission before being brought to the Quebec College. Père Cazot, the last Jesuit, gave them to Quebec Gazette editor, John Neilson c1798 in return for Neilson's having sent him the paper for such a long time.

     TPL 73. Lande 2155. Evans 497.


66. JACOBS, Peter [1808-1858]. Journal Of The Reverend Peter Jacobs, Indian Wesleyan Missionary, From Rice Lake To The Hudson’s Bay Territory, And Returning. Commencing May, 1852. With A Brief Account Of His Life, And A Short History Of The Wesleyan Mission In That Country. 8vo. pp. 96, [6]ads. 2 frontis. portraits, 1 engraved on steel, the other on wood. original cloth wrs. (joints & extremities frayed). bookplate of Samuel Edward Weir. New York: Published For The Author, 1858. $750


     Fifth Enlarged Edition (first: 1853).Jacobs spent time in the Lake Superior region and at Fort Alexander and Norway House and Rossville from 1838 to 1842, before being ordained a Wesleyan Methodist minister in 1843, after which he was stationed at Lac la Pluie (1844-49), and at Saugeen and Rama (1853-56). The 1852 tour of the Hudson Bay Territory and Canada West recounted here took him to Fort Garry and York Factory. Fort Alexander and the Rossville mission are described on pp. 65-96.

     Peel 291n. TPL 3268. cfSabin 35503.


Major Source On The Huron Missions

67. (JESUIT RELATION). BRESSANI, Francesco Giuseppe [1612-1672]. Breve Relatione D’Alcune Missioni De’ PP. della Compagnia di Giesu nella Nuova Francia... small 4to. pp. 2 p.l., 127 [ie. 129], [1]. [extra leaf inserted at end of quire B]. A nice copy in modern limp vellum (lightly washed, some minor inconsequential marginal worming - partly filled in). Macerata: the Heirs of Agostino Grisei, 1653.                                                                                                           


     First Edition of this important source on the Huron missions in Ontario. An Italian Jesuit missionary, Bressani came to Canada in 1642 and worked for two years among the Indians at Quebec and Trois-Rivières. In 1644, he requested and was granted permission to proceed to the far-distant Huron Missions on Georgian Bay. En route, he and his companions were attacked and imprisoned by a band of Iroquois, who cruelly tortured and mutilated Bressani, leaving him with only one whole finger on his right hand. Eventually he was sold by his captors to the Dutch, who assisted him in returning to France. Undaunted, Bressani returned to New France in 1645, participated in a peace conference with the Iroquois at Trois-Rivières, and set out again for the land of the Hurons. There he remained until the annihilation of the missions by the Iroquois in 1649; the following year he was recalled to Europe.

     Bressani’s relation was written to stimulate Italian interest in the Canadian missions, as the official Jesuit relations, issued under French provincial authority, were not well known there. It is largely devoted to the Huron Missions, particularly the final years during the Iroquois war of extermination, and includes accounts of the deaths of the Jesuit martyrs, Daniel, Brébeuf, Lalemant, Chabanel and Garnier. “Modesty and a delightful simplicity characterize the narrative, and especially the history of the captivity and sufferings of its author. He ends with the time of his departure from Canada, doubtless in order to give his work the powerful authority of personal testimony as eye-witness of almost all the things which he relates.” (F.Martin, in the introduction to the French translation, published Montreal: 1852).

     Bell B407. Church III 524. JCB II p. 428. Lande 57. McCoy 82. Paltsists 39:290. Sabin 7734. TPL 44. Vlach 123. See Dionne II 139 (citing incorrect title). cfGagnon I 565. DCB I pp. 128-29. Story p. 95. Winsor IV p. 305.


68. (JESUIT RELATION). BRESSANI, F[rancesco Giuseppe] [1612-1672].Relation Abrégée De Quelques Missions… 8vo. pp. 336. 3 maps (2 folding, one with inset map), 1 folding diagram, 6 plates, 2 portraits, text illus. errata tipped-in. cloth, recased preserving endleaves (cloth spotted & faded). Montreal: John Lovell, 1852. $400

     First Edition of the French translation.

     TPL 45. Dionne I 449. Gagnon I 565. Lande 58. Sabin 458.


69. (JESUIT RELATION). LALEMANT, Charles [1587-1674]. Relation de ce qui s’est passé en la Nouvelle France en l’année M.DC.XXVI. Envoyée au Père Hierosme L’Allemant par le P. Charles L’Allemant… IN TREIZIESME TOME DU MERCURE FRANÇOIS, Sous Le Règne Du Très Crestien Roy de France et de Navarre Louys XIII. 1627. 1628.8vo. pp. 3 p.l. (incl. engraved title), 912, [52]. contemporary sprinkled calf, gilt back (mild dampstaining to outer margin of some leaves, text lightly embrowned, few side-notes shaved). Paris: Etienne Richer, 1629.                                                                    


     Volume XIII of one of the most important of the early French ‘journaux’. An annually published historical register of significant events covering the years 1605 to 1645, the Mercure François contains much material concerning European travels to and trade with the East Indies and the New World, and is an important source for the early French exploration and settlement of Canada. The present volume contains (pp. 12-34), a letter, dated August 1, 1626, from Charles Lalemant, first superior of the Jesuit missions in Quebec, to his brother Jérôme, describing the country, the manners and customs of the Indians, and the work of the missions. The letter was originally published by Richer in 1627 (Alden 627/67; Church 410; Harrisse 41; Sabin 38680); it is here reprinted with slight textual differences.

     Gagnon I 2347. Harrisse 41n. JCB II p. 78. Lande S1508 (citing pp. 29 p.l., 912, lxxx). Sabin 47931. Thwaites IV 248-50. Winsor IV pp. 134 & 300. DCB I pp. 411-12. See TPL 25 (1870 reprint).


70. (JESUIT RELATION). LALEMANT, Jérôme [1593-1673]. Relation De Ce Qui S'Est Passé De Plus Remarquable es Missions des Pères de la Compagnie de Jésus, En La Nouvelle France, Sur Le Grand Fleuve De S.Laurens En L'Année 1647... 8vo.  pp. 4 p.l., 276. without the final two blanks. a4 misbound after title. woodcut printer's device on title. woodcut ornaments & initials. 19th century vellum (first four leaves cropped affecting ornaments & last line on title-page, repair on title-page above Cramoisy's ornament just touching line above, some marginal worming in second half with no effect on text, paper lightly browned). preserved in cloth clam-shell box. from the library of E.B.Washburne [1816-87]. Paris: Sébastien Cramoisy & Gabriel Cramoisy, 1648.


     First Edition, Second Issue of the Sixteenth Jesuit Relation, with lines 8 and 9 of title-page reading 'Sur Le Grand Fleuve / De S.Laurens En L'Année 1647' rather than 'Sur Le Grand Fleuve De / De S.Laurens En L'Année 1647'. This copy agrees with that described as McCoy's Variant 4 except that the last line on p. 166 ends 'mon cher amy. Le'.

     "This is one of the rarer Relations. It consists of one part only and was sent by Jérôme Lalemant to the Provincial, Estienne Charlet. It reports some progress in the missionary labors of the Jesuit Fathers. A mission was established among the Abenakis, the work among the 'Atticameques' and the settlement of the Isle de Miskou are described. Perhaps the chief general interest is in the description of the hostile activities of the Iroquois and the experiences of Father Isaac Jogues in Chaps. IV-VIII, ending, as the heading of Chap. VIII states, "Father Isaac Jogues returns for the third time to the country of the Iroquois, where he is put to death."" (Bell)

     Father Lalemant came to Quebec in 1638, and succeeded Brébeuf as superior to the Huron Missions (1639-1644), where he built Sainte-Marie-aux-Hurons. From 1645 to 1650, and again from 1659 to 1665, he was superior to the Jesuits in Canada at Quebec.  Lalemant wrote the Huron Mission relations for 1639-44 and those of New France for 1646-9 and 1660-4.

     According to a note on the front free-endpaper, this copy was given to Elihu Benjamin Washburne, Ambassador from the United States to France, by the Archbishop of Paris together with ten other relations, in recognition of Washburne's help to the French people at the time of the Franco-Prussian War. They were subsequently bought and sold by Wright Howes.

     Alden 648/89. Bell 33; L45. Church 487. Dionne II 128. Goldsmith, BM STC French, J208. Harrisse 87. JCB II 372. Lande S1201. McCoy 66. Paltsits 30:299. Sabina 38685. TPL 6324. Vlach 439. Winsor IV p. 306.


71.(JESUIT RELATION). LE JEUNE, Paul [1591-1664]. Relation De Ce Qui S'Est Passé En La Nouvelle France En L'Année 1638. Envoyée au R. Père Provincial de la Compagnie de Jésus en la Province de France. 2 Parts in l. 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., 78, [l leaf]divisional title, 67, [1]. woodcut printer's device on title. woodcut ornaments & initials. old vellum, but resewn & with new endpapers (upper outer corner of title & contents leaves repaired, light marginal dampstain & small marginal wormhole filled in in Biii-Bvi). preserved in cloth clam-shell box. Paris: Sébastien Cramoisy, 1638.                               


     Second Edition, McCoy's Variant 2, but with First Edition Title-page, of the Seventh Relation. This appears to be a sophisticated copy, with the title and contents leaves and Biii-vi probably supplied from a copy of the first edition.

     The Relation consists of the customary two parts, the first being a general report on the progress of the Canadian missions, by Paul Le Jeune, superior of the Jesuits of Quebec (1632-39), who was responsible for the institution of the annual relations, the second a report on the Huron missions, by François Joseph Le Mercier [1604-1690].

     "This Relation is largely concerned with the increasing persecution of the Jesuits by the Indians, the establishment of a new residence near Three Rivers...and the steadfastness of the Jesuits in the face of their troubles. Both Le Jeune's Relation (Pt. I) and Le Mercier's Huron Relation (Pt. II) end with encouraging notes of conversions of and improved relations with the Indians...". (Bell)

     Alden 638/65 (1st issue). Bell 14 (13); L177 (L176). Church 440 (439). Dionne II 107.  Goldsmith, BM STC French, J196. Harrisse 70 (69).  JCB II 271. Lande S1267. McCoy 30 (28). Paltsits 14:281-84. Sabin 39955 (39954). Vlach 457. Winsor IV p. 302. See TPL 37 (1st Edn.).


Martyrdom of Daniel, Brébeuf, Lalemant

72. (JESUIT RELATION). RAGUENEAU, Paul [1608-1680]. Relation De Ce Qui S'Est Passé en la Mission des Pères de la Compagnie de Jésus aux Hurons, pays de la Nouvelle France, és années 1648. & 1649. Envoyée Au R.P.Hierosme Lalemant, Supérieur des Missions de la Compagnie de Jésus, en la Nouvelle France. 8vo. pp. 3 p.l., 103, [1]blank. lacking initial blank. woodcut title vignette, ornaments & initials. recently rebound using an old vellum ms. leaf (library stamp on title, margins closely trimmed, with a number of headlines & page numbers shaved off or cut into). Paris: Sebastien Cramoisy, 1650.     


     First Edition of the Eighteenth Jesuit Relation. The Relation consists of only one part, the Huron Relation of Ragueneau, transmitted to Lalemant and sent by the latter to Claude de Lingendes, Provincial of France. The text is almost exclusively devoted to an account of the destruction of the Huron mission by the Iroquois, and the martyrdom of three priests, Antoine Daniel at St. Joseph, and Jean de Brébeuf and Gabriel Lalemant at 'St. Louis near Ste. Marie'.

     The years 1648 and 1649 were years of particular trial and hardship for the Jesuit mission in New France. On 16 March 1649, one thousand Iroquois, armed mostly with firearms which they obtained from their Dutch allies, made a sudden attack at daybreak on the village of St. Ignace. They then moved on to the next village of St. Louis, which they captured and burned. Two Jesuit fathers, Jean de Brébeuf and Gabriel Lalemant, were tortured and executed by the attackers. Ragueneau himself presided at the funerals of Brébeuf and Lalemant on 21 March 1649, and laid their bodies to rest beneath the chapel of the Sainte-Marie residence. In his Relation he gives biographies of the two men (chapters iv-v), who had been among the most successful missionaries to the Hurons, and in a sense anticipated the future canonization of the holy Canadian martyrs.

     This particular Relation enjoyed considerable popularity, as attested by the publication in close succession of a number of different editions and translations. This is one of only two relations to be translated from the French into Latin, and it is the only one to appear in Dutch translation.

     McCoy 71. Alden 650/173. Bell 36 (R8). Church 505. Harrisse 90. JCB II p. 400. Paltsits 34:238. Sabin 67491. Streit II 2577. TPL 43. Vlach 635. Winsor IV p. 307.


73. (JESUIT RELATION). RAGUENEAU, Paul [1608-1680]. Relation De Ce Qui S'Est Passé en la Mission des Pères de la Compagnie de Jésus aux Hurons, païs de la Nouvelle France, depuis l'Esté de l'année 1649. jusques à l'Esté de l'année 1650. Envoyée Au R.P.Claude De Lingendes, Provincial de la Compagnie de Jésus en la Province de France. 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., [187] [i.e. 178; last page wrongly numbered], [2]. woodcut headpiece, tailpiece, & initial. recently rebound using an old vellum ms. leaf (library stamp on title, piece torn from contents leaf affecting portion of seven lines of text on recto, margins closely trimmed, occasionally cutting into headlines & page numbers). Paris: Sebastien  and Gabriel Cramoisy, 1651.


     First Edition of the Nineteenth Jesuit Relation, McCoy's Variant One. "The Relation is entirely by Ragueneau, who had succeeded Lalemant as Superior on September 1, 1650. His prefatory letter announces the destruction of the Huron Mission by the removal of survivors to the Île d'Orléans in the St. Lawrence, east of Quebec, where they established a settlement. The Relation is a long record of disaster and famine, leading even to cannibalism (pp. 10-12). Two missionary priests, Charles Garnier and Noël Chabanel, were martyred by the Iroquois early in December 1649. Nevertheless, the priest in charge of the Mission of the Holy Cross at Tadoussac reports that he has remarked as most noteworthy "the ardent zeal the Christian savages and their chiefs have shown for the extension of the Kingdom of Jesus Christ and the dispelling of vice from the new Church."

     A brief supplementary letter from Lalemant, who left Canada for France, where he arrived November 2, 1650, follows the Relation. It summarizes the general progress of the missions since the arrival of Lalemant in Canada some twelve years before." (Bell)

     McCoy 76. Bell 39 (R11). Church 513. Harrisse 95. JCB II p. 411. Lande S1881. Paltsits 35:285. Sabin 67495. TPL 47. cfVlach 636. Winsor IV p. 307.


74. [JESUIT RELATIONS]. Lettres Édifiantes Et Curieuses, Écrites Des Missions Étrangères. Nouvelle Édition... 26 Volumes. 12mo. complete with half-titles. 26 folding engraved maps & plans & 23 engraved plates (11 folding). 4 folding tables.  woodcut ornaments. contemporary tree calf, gilt backs (minor worming to a few leaves in Vol. XVIII, marginal repairs to first 4 leaves in Vol. XIX, Vol. IV rebacked with spine mounted, few spinal extremities chipped; otherwise a very good set).  Paris:  J.G.Merigot le jeune, 1780-83.                                                                                                                         


     Second Edition. The first edition of the relations, collected by Fathers Le Gobien, Du Halde and Patouillet, was published at Paris in thirty-four parts, from 1702 to 1776. The present edition, enlarged and corrected by l'Abbé de Querbeuf, is preferred to the original, as it is arranged systematically according to geographic region: Volumes I to V relate to the Levant, VI to IX to North and South America, X to XV to India, XVI to XXIV to China, and XXV to XXVI to India and China. The American volumes include a letter from Father Marest, describing D'Iberville's expedition to Hudson's Bay, 1694-95, where he captured Fort York, the famous Picolo letter, which contains the first descriptive account of California and which is accompanied by the third French printing of the extremely important Kino map, which effectively dispelled the long-held notion that California was an island, &c. (see JCB).

     Bell J62. Cordier 930. Howes L-299 (calling for 56 maps & plates). JCB II 2654. Sabin 40698.  Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast, 483. cfLande 472. cfTPL 258. cfWagner, Spanish Southwest 74a. cfWheat 89.


75. [JESUIT RELATIONS]. Lettres Édifiantes Et Curieuses; Écrites des Missions Étrangères, par quelques Missionnaires de la Compagnie de Jésus. XVII. Recueil. Volume XVII only. 12mo. pp. xxxiv, [2], 446, [13]. woodcut title vignette, ornaments & initials. contemporary sprinkled calf, gilt back (joints cracked, lacking front free-endpaper, some marginal staining to last few leaves, title bit soiled). Paris: P.G. Le Mercier fils, 1726.                                                               


     First Edition. Pp. 287-343 contain letters from Father Sebastien Rasles (Rale) [1657-1724], missionary to the Abenakis at Norridgewock (south Madison, Maine) on the Kennebec River (October 13, 1722), and Father Pierre De La Chasse, Superior General  of the missions in New France (October 29, 1724). Rasles spent thirty years, from 1693 until his death, at the Abenaki mission on the Kennebec River, and played a leading role in the Indian resistance to English expansion into the area following the Treaty of Utrecht. Rasles was killed in 1724 during a raid on Norridgewock by the New England militia. Father La Chasse’s letter gives an account of his death, describing Rasles as “a martyr... sacrificed through hatred to his ministry.

     See TPL 258 (not including this volume). Sabin 40697. cfField 919. cfLande 472.


76. JESUIT RELATIONS. Relations Des Jésuites. 3 Volumes. large 8vo. with half-titles. text in double columns. wood-engraved headpieces & initials. folding plan. 19th century half chagrin (joints & extremities rubbed). Quebec: Augustin Côté, 1858.     


     Spanning the years 1632 to 1673 the relations were the regular reports sent back by the priests of the Canadian mission to their superiors in France. Not only do they record the progress of the missions in converting the Canadian aboriginals to christianity, they are also an important source of historical information on the exploration of New France, the manners and customs of the natives, and the daily life of the French settlers.

     TPL 71. Gagnon I 2971. Lande 373. Sabin 69300.


77. JESUIT RELATIONS. THWAITES, Reuben Gold (Editor). The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents Travels And Explorations Of The Jesuit Missionaries In New France 1610-1791 The Original French, Latin, And Italian Texts, With English Translations And Notes… 73 vols. 8vo. 137 (of 138) plates (maps, views, portraits, facsimiles incl. 3 multi-page facsimile letters; some folding). lacking the map of Ste. Marie-on-the-Wye from Vol. XIX. 4 text illus. untrimmed in original cloth, t.e.g. (spines sunned, library bookplates). Cleveland: The Burrows Brothers Company, 1896-1901.                   


     First Thwaites Edition, Limited to 750 sets, this an unnumbered publisher’s set. “A monumental editorial achievement. Contains all reports, official and unofficial, made by members of this missionary order, on their activities in North America from 1601 to 1791. In all, 238 pieces are given in their original French, Latin and Italian texts, with English translations.” (Howes)

     Spanning the years 1632 to 1673 the relations were the regular reports sent back by the priests of the Canadian mission to their superiors in France. Not only do they record the progress of the missions in converting the Canadian aboriginals to christianity, they are also an important source of historical information on the exploration of New France, the manners and customs of the natives, and the daily life of the French settlers.

     Thwaites was assisted in the compilation of the Relations by an impressive array of European and American scholars. In the introduction to his volume of Errata and Addenda, which was published in 1967, Joseph P.Donnelly highlighted some of the significant aspects of the work: “The identification of persons, even very obscure individuals, is an extremely valuable editorial contribution. The bibliographical information regarding the heuristics and provenance of material included in the series is of inestimable worth to the historian…An outstanding editorial feature…is the exhaustive two-volume index…”.

     TPL 630. Howes J-106.                                                                                                                    


78. JOHNES, Arthur James [1809-1871]. Philological Proofs Of The Original Unity And Recent Origin Of The Human Race. Derived From A Comparison Of The Languages Of Asia, Europe, Africa, and America… 8vo. pp. lx, 172, 103, [1]. with half-title. original blind-stamped cloth (covers bit spotted, corners bumped, joints & spine ends frayed). London: Samuel Clarke…, 1843.     


     First Edition. Chapter VII, pp. 155-172, is devoted to the origin of the American native tribes.

     Sabin 36149.


79. JONES, Peter [1802-1856]. History Of The Ojebway Indians; With Especial Reference To Their Conversion To Christianity…With A Brief Memoir Of The Writer; And Introductory Notice By The Rev. G.Osborn… 8vo. pp. vi, [1 leaf]plate list, 278, [26]ads. engraved frontis. portrait of the author by L.Cochrane after a painting by William Crabb & 15 lithographed plates (incl. 3 portraits). Untrimmed in original blind-stamped cloth (spine ends chipped & frayed, front hinge cracked, scattered light foxing, some staining to endpapers & to inner margins of preliminary leaves). a few early manuscript notes. London: A.W.Bennett, nd.                                                                                                                         


     Second Edition (first published in 1861). Born in Burlington Heights near Hamilton of English and Ojibway parentage, Jones was ordained a minister of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in 1833, and served as a missionary among the Ojibway Indians for over twenty years. His history embraces religious and marriage customs, war and amusements, medicine and witchcraft, language, relations with the English, and the tribe’s current and future prospects in Canada.

     The lithographs include three native portraits, views of the Mohawk Church at Grand River and Captain Brant’s house at Wellington, and plates showing domestic implements, weapons of war, different games, &c.

     Pilling, Algonquian, p. 267. Sabin 36590n. cfTPL 4070. cfField 797.


Wanderings of an Artist Among the Indians of North America

80. KANE, Paul [1810-1871]. Wanderings Of An Artist Among The Indians Of North America From Canada To Vancouver Island And Oregon Through The Hudson’s Bay Territory And Back Again. 8vo. pp. xvii, [1], 455, [1]blank, [8]appendix. with half-title. folding coloured engraved map. 8 coloured lithographed plates with tissue guards. 13 wood-engraved text illus. original blind-stamped cloth (small stain on spine otherwise a fine copy). modern quarter calf clamshell box with inner cloth folder. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts, 1859.                                                        


     First Edition of this fascinating record of the western travels of one of the most famous nineteenth century Canadian painters. Inspired by George Catlin, whom he met during a visit to Europe, Kane determined to sketch and paint a series of pictures illustrative of North American Indians and scenery. He set out for the west in June of 1845, “with no companions but [his] portfolio and box of paints, [his] gun, and a stock of ammunition”, spending the season in the Lake Huron and Lake Michigan region, chiefly among the Ojibway. For the next three years, he travelled further westward, mostly in company with Hudson’s Bay Company fur trade brigades, through the territories of the Red River settlements and the valley of the Saskatchewan, across the Rocky Mountains, down the Columbia to Puget Sound, and north to Vancouver Island.

     Kane brought back hundreds of detailed sketches: portraits of Indian chiefs, warriors, and medicine men, buffalo hunting and fishing scenes, portrayals of native dances and secret ceremonials, views of Hudson’s Bay Company posts. Of the paintings which he executed from his sketches, the most important was the series of one hundred canvases commissioned by prominent Canadian financier and politician, George William Allan of Toronto. Eight of these, which are now in the Royal Ontario Museum, are reproduced as coloured lithographs in this narrative.

     Cowan pp. 126-27. Field 811. Graff 2262. Howes K-7. Jones 1412. Lande 1258. Peel 212. Sabin 37007. Smith 5392. Strathern & Edwards 290 (7 plates). Streeter VI 3727. TPL 2911. Wagner-Camp 332:1. DCB X pp. 389-393. Story p. 398.


81. KEATING, William H[ypolitus] [1799-1840]. Narrative Of An Expedition To The Source Of St. Peter's River, Lake Winnipeek, Lake Of The Woods, &c.&c. Performed In The Year 1823, By Order Of The Hon. J.C.Calhoun, Secretary Of War, Under The Command Of Stephen H.Long, Major U.S.T.E. Compiled From The Notes Of Major Long, Messrs. Say, Keating and Colhoun... 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. xiii, [3], 458; vi, 248, 156. complete with half-titles. folding engraved map & 8 engraved plates  (1 of Indian music). 3 double-sided folding tables. 19th century half chagrin (bit rubbed, numbers on spine, institutional bookplates, several rubberstamps, scattered light foxing, plates offset, but a good tight copy). London: Printed for George B.Whittaker, 1825.                                                                                                                                          


     First London Edition. Keating acted as geologist and historiographer on Long's second expedition, sent to explore the headwaters of the Mississippi River in 1823. This work contains a wealth of important information relating to the Indians of the explored territory. "Nothing escaped the attention, or record of the gentlemen who accompanied the expedition; and their statement regarding the customs, character, and numbers of the Sioux and Chippeway tribes, are among the most valuable we have." (Sabin) Included is a comparative vocabularly of the Sawk, Sioux, Chippeway, and Cree languages. The greater portion of the second volume relates to the Red River Settlement and to communications with Fort William on Lake Superior. Most of the plates were engraved by R. Fenner after drawings of Samuel Seymour, and illustrate views and scenes of Indian life on the Upper Mississippi: Wanotan and his son, heads of Metea, Wennebea and Blackman, Maiden's Rock on Lake Pepin, Upper Falls on Winnepeek River, and Kakabikka Falls.

     Bell K24. Buck 183. Gagnon I 1856. Howes K-20. Lande 1260. Morgan p. 209. Peel 82. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 276. Sabin 37137. TPL 1284. Wagner-Camp 26b:2. cfBuck 183. cfField 949 [vide LONG]. cfGraff 2280. cfStreeter III 1785.


82. KELLY, L[eroy] V[ictor] [1880-1956]. The Range Men The Story Of The Ranchers And Indians Of Alberta. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., 468. 42 illus. on 28 plates (incl. frontis. portrait). original cloth, top edge gilt, others untrimmed (extremities trifle rubbed). Toronto: William Briggs, 1913. 


     First Edition. Scarce and important early work on pioneer ranching in Alberta.

     Adams, Rampaging Herd, 1267. Howes K66. Peel 3908. Streeter IV 2393.


83. KENNEDY, James [d. 1859]. Essays Ethnological And Linguistic…Edited By C.M.Kennedy. 8vo. pp. vi, [1 leaf], 230. original cloth (shaken, joints & extremities frayed, scoring). ads on endleaves. London & Edinburgh: Williams & Norgate 1861.   


     First Edition. The essays, most of which were originally read before the Ethnological Society, deal with the ancient languages of France and Spain, the ethnology of the ancient Britons and Etruscans, the ethnology of the Philippine Islands with observations respecting the Malays, the probable origin of the American Indians, with particular reference to that of the Caribs, Mayas, Arrawaks and Mosquitos, the supposed lost Tribes of Israel, and the Basques.

     Sabin 37398.


84. KNIGHT, [John] & John SLOVER. Indian Atrocities. Narratives Of The Perils And Sufferings Of Dr. Knight And John Slover, Among The Indians, During The Revolutionary War, With Short Memoirs Of Col. Crawford & John Slover, And A Letter From H.Brackenridge, On The Rights Of The Indians, Etc. 12mo. pp. 72. decorative headpieces & initials. Fine untrimmed copy in modern red morocco. Cincinnati: U.P.James, Publisher, [Reprinted from the Nashville edition of 1843.], 1867.           


     Edition Limited to 500 copies. "For interest and importance, in Ohio valley history of the period, comparable only to Filson's Kentucky and the narratives of Matthew Bunn and Col. James Smith." (Howes)

     Ayer 177. Howes K-214. Sabin 38111. cfField 839-840. cfVail 684.


85. KOHL, J[ohann] G[eorg] [1808-1878]. Kitchi-Gami. Wanderings Round Lake Superior. 8vo. pp. xii, 428. several text illus. contemporary polished calf, gilt back. London: Chapman And Hall, 1860.                                     


     First Edition of the English Translation (originally published in German, Bremen: 1859) of this important account of the manners and customs of the Ojibway Indians of the Lake Superior region, written by a distinguished German traveller in America. Kohl was particularly fascinated by Indian legends and traditions, which he here faithfully collected and recorded. Field commends the work as “one of the most exhaustive and valuable treatises on Indian life ever written”.

     Field 842. Graff 2354. Howes K-247. Lande 1894. Sabin 38215. TPL 3573.


86. [KÖLBING, Friedrich Ludwig]. Die Missionen der evangelischen Brüder in Grönland und Labrador. 2 Parts in 1 with individual titles. 8vo. pp. viii, 254; 2 p.l., 180. 2 folding tables. contemporary half roan (binding rubbed, several mission library stamps otherwise internally fine). Gnadau: im Verlage der Buchhandlung der Evangelischen Brüder Unität bei Hans Franz Burkhard, 1831.                                                                                                                

     First Edition. Scarce.

     O’Dea 395. Not in TPL, Lande, or Sabin.


87. KURZ, Rudolph Friedrich. The Journal of…The Life and Work of this Swiss Artist. large 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., ix, 382. numerous text illus. cloth. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, [1968].                                                    

     Limited to 600 numbered copies.

     cfHowes K-281. cfGraff 2359.

88. LAFITAU, [Joseph] François] [d.1740]. Moeurs Des Sauvages Amériquains, Comparées Aux Moeurs Des Premiers Temps... 4 Volumes in 2. 12mo. pp. 12 p.l., 256; 4 p.l., 296; 6 p.l., 248; 4 p.l., 196, [65]index. folding engraved map & 42 folding engraved plates (incl. frontis. by I.B.Scotin). woodcut title vignettes, ornaments & initials. contemporary sprinkled calf, gilt backs (front joints cracked & weak, 4 prelims from Vol. III misbound in Vol. II, several plates with small fold tears). Paris: Saugrain l'ainé & Charles Estienne Hochereau, 1724.                                                                              


     First Duodecimo Edition. Originally published in two quarto volumes the same year; the plates are exactly the same, being folded for insertion in this smaller format. One of the earliest, most detailed and accurate first-hand accounts of the religious, political and domestic culture of the Iroquois and Huron Indians and a pioneering work in empirical ethnology. Lafitau discovered matriliny and outlined the classification kinship system of the Iroquois which Morgan, who had not read Lafitau, was to rediscover a century later. (See DCB) It was not until the beginning of the twentieth century that full recognition of his contribution to comparative ethnology was accorded. Lafitau's observations were gathered during a long residence among the Iroquois. A Jesuit missionary, he came to Quebec in 1711 and served at the Iroquois mission of Sault Saint-Louis from 1712 to 1717.

     "We have nothing so exact upon the subject of which he treats. His parallel of ancient nations with the American Indians is very ingenious, and exhibits as great familiarity with the nations of antiquity in the old world, as with the aborigines of the new." (Charlevoix) "Lafitau continues to hold high rank as an original authority, though his book is overlaid with a theory of the Tartaric origin of the red race." (Winsor)

     Dionne II 367n. Howes L-22. JCB I 345 (41 plates). Sabin 38597 (41 plates). Vlach 426. cfLande 494 (variant issue). cfBell L41, cfField 850, cfGagnon II 1129, cfTPL 158 (4to. edn.). DCB III pp. 334-38. Winsor IV pp. 298-99.


89. LAFITAU, [Joseph] François] [d.1740]. De Zeden Der Wilden Van Amerika... 2 Volumes in 1. folio. pp. 2 p.l., 36, [18]plate list, 300 [i.e. 302]; 2 p.l., 301-555 [i.e. 558]. with half-titles. titles in red & black with engraved vignettes.  engraved map & 42 engraved plates (incl. frontis.). woodcut ornaments. contemporary sprinkled calf, gilt backs (foot of spine worn, a few leaves browned, but overall a very nice large copy). The Hague: Gerard Vander Poel, 1731.                     


     First Edition of the Dutch Translation, “one of the most beautiful editions of Lafitau’s work.” (Lande)

     Bell L38. Field 851 (41 plates). Howes L-22. JCB I 472 (47 plates). Lande S1194. Sabin 38958. TPL 159 (imperfect). cfVlach 426. DCB III pp. 334-38. Winsor IV pp. 298-99.


90. LAHONTAN, [Louis Armand de Lom d’Arce], Baron de [1666-1716]. New Voyages To North-America. Containing An Account of the several Nations of that vast Continent...A Geographical Description of Canada, and a Natural History of the Country... 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., [20], 280; 1 p.l., 302, [2]leaf of ads, [13]index. 4 engraved maps (2 large & folding) & 20 engraved plates (1 folding). complete with the rare frontis. in Vol. II which is usually wanting. modern red straight-grained morocco by Cecil & Larkins, a.e.g. (joints & extremities rubbed, some light foxing). London: Printed for H.Bonwicke, T.Goodwin, M.Wotton, B.Tooke, and S.Manship, 1703.                                                                               


     First Edition of the English Translation. Lahontan was only sixteen years of age when he first arrived in New France in 1683, as an officer in the colonial regular troops. During the next ten years he saw active service in the sieur de La Barre’s expedition against the Iroquois in 1684, in the Marquis de Denonville’s campaign against the Senecas in 1687, and in numerous skirmishes with the English. In 1693 he was appointed King’s lieutenant in Plaisance (Placentia), Newfoundland. His career, however, came to an abrupt end when he was accused of insubordination by the governor of Newfoundland, Jacques François de Brouillan. Lahontan fled to Portugal and spent the rest of his life in wandering exile, chiefly in Holland and Germany.

     The daily journals Lahontan faithfully kept during his stay in New France for the basis of this work, which gained such immense popularity that it went through no less than 25 legitimate and pirated editions within sixty years of its first publication (The Hague: 1703). Next to Louis Hennepin’s, his was the most widely read North American travel narrative of the eighteenth century. Despite the exposure, by Charlevoix and his cartographer Bellin, of the fictitious nature of Lahontan’s voyage up the ‘Long River’ (the Minnesota), which seriously discredited the work, its overall authenticity is now generally acknowledged. In 1903, the American scholar R.G.Thwaites concluded that “in topography, geography, ethnology, and natural history, all of it the record of personal knowledge, Lahontan’s work stands as one of the important sources for the intimate study of New France.” The vivid and lively descriptions of New France, its social and political life, the manners and customs of the native inhabitants and their method of warfare, are further enhanced by Lahontan’s philosophical views. His notions about Christian dogmatism and the vices of European society which he contrasts with the virtues of the ‘noble savage’, foreshadowed the work of Swift, Rousseau, and Voltaire.

     The first English edition was published in London under the patronage of the Duke of Devonshire and it is in many respects preferable to the first edition (The Hague: 1703). Lahontan was in London to supervise the printing and he himself corrected the engravings, which the “Dutch Gravers had murder’d...by not understanding their Explications, which were all in French.” (Preface) A map of Newfoundland here appears for the first time and the edition incorporates, in expanded form, the contents of the supplement, detailing the author’s travels in Europe and the controversial dialogue with the mythical Indian ‘Adario’ (identified by some historians as the Huron chief Kondiaronk).

     TPL 6357. Bell L46. Cox II p. 88. Clark I 111. Graff 2364. Howes L-25. JCB I 39. Lande 496. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 290. Sabin 38644. Field 852. Streeter I 107. Paltsits pp. lx-lxiii. DCB II pp. 439-445. Story p. 423.


91. LEBEAU, C[laude]. Avantures Du Sr. C.LeBeau, Avocat En Parlement, Ou Voyage Curieux et Nouveau, Parmi les Sauvages de l'Amérique Septentrionale... 2 Volumes. 16mo. pp. 7 p.l., 370, [6]; 1 p.l., 430, [6]. 1 engraved map & 6 engraved plates (all folding). woodcut ornaments & initials. titles printed in red & black. contemporary sprinkled calf, gilt backs (spines worn, joints cracked, 1 label wanting, some light dampstaining, most noticably affecting plates in Vol. I). Amsterdam: Herman Uytwerf, 1738.                                                                                                                                          


     First Edition. "A pleasant gossiping book, evidencing considerable acquaintance with the subjects described. It contains a description of the manners and customs of the Iroquois, the Hurons, the Algonquins, and other Indian tribes, derived from the author's personal experiences, although the style in which the work is written is rather that of a romance than a true narrative." (Sabin)

     Little is known of the adventurer LeBeau, transported to New France in 1729 from a French prison, where he was confined for libertinism. In 1730, he fled from Quebec to Holland to escape the hangman, having been charged with counterfeiting. There are elements of fiction in LeBeau's work, as well as considerable borrowing from previous sources such as Lafitau. The best chapters are those discussing the habits of the beaver and the religious ideas and customs of the Indians.

     Bell L126. Gagnon I 1992. Howes L-167. JCB I 582 (5 plates). O'Dea 134. Sabin 39582. TPL 168. DCB II pp. 373-74. Story p. 445. Winsor IV p. 299.


92. LE CLERCQ, Chrestien [1641-1700?].First Establishment Of The Faith In New France…Now First Translated, With Notes, By John Gilmary Shea. 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. 410, [2]; 354, [1 leaf]. large folding map, 11 plates (with 5 portraits incl. frontis.) & 1 text illus. contemporary half morocco, t.e.g., others uncut (light wear, bookplates removed from front paste-downs). New York: John G.Shea, 1881.                                                                                                                      


     First Edition of the English Translation. The French original, Premier Établissement de la Foy dans la Nouvelle France, published in 1691, is quite rare, circulation of the work having been suppressed or restrained on account of the author’s anti-Jesuit attitude. Le Clercq was a Recollet priest who served as a missionary for many years among the Micmac Indians of the Gaspé Peninsula, and invented a system of hieroglyphics to teach them their catechism and prayers. The Recollets were the first permanent missionaries in Canada. The first volume of the present work contains a history of Recollet missionary activity in New France, 1615-29, with a critique of Jesuit activities, while the second includes an account of Tracy’s campaign against the Iroquois, the return of the Recollets, the coming of Frontenac, the defeat of the English in 1690 based on Frontenac’s despatches and de Monseignat’s relation, and a description of the explorations of La Salle, taken from the records of the Recollets, Membré et Douay, the source of Hennepin’s claims. “Supremely important historically for its details on La Salle’s activities in Illinois and for supplying the first printed account of his epochal voyage down the Mississippi.” (Howes, of the first edition)

     TPL 109. Lande 519. Howes L-172. Dionne II 1693. Gagnon I 2002. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 305. Story p. 447.


Recollet Mission In 'Gaspésie'

93. LE CLERCQ, Chrestien [1641-1700?]. Nouvelle Relation De La Gaspésie, Qui Contient Les Moeurs & la Religion des Sauvages Gaspésiens...Dédiée À Madame La Princesse D'Épinoy... 12mo. pp. 14 p.l., 572. woodcut headpieces & initials. A very nice copy in contemporary calf, gilt back (scuffed, neatly repaired at corners & head of spine). Paris: Amable Auroy, 1691.     


     First Edition of this valuable first hand account of later Recollet missionary activity in Northeastern Canada and New Brunswick, and one of the most authentic and charming studies of Canadian Indian life. Le Clercq's relation provides one of the most thorough and detailed early descriptions of the Micmac Indians of the Gaspé Peninsula, their origins, dress, language, beliefs and superstitions, customs and way of life. Le Clercq spent an intermittent twelve years (1675-1886) as a missionary among the Micmacs, by whom he was highly esteemed, and was the first to use the names 'Gaspésie' and 'Gaspésiens' to denote the territory and its inhabitants. He invented a system of hieroglyphics with which to teach the Micmacs their catechism and prayers; this system endured and served as the basis for the present-day writing. He also composed a dictionary for the use of future missionaries.

     Bell L133. Brunet III 916. Dionne II 227. Field 902 & Gagnon I 2001 (with added 4 page Table des Chapitres, not present in most copies). Church 717. Lande 517. Harrisse 170. JCB II 1415.  Pilling, Algonquian, 305. Sabin 39649. Streeter VI 3633. TPL 110. Vlach 450.  DCB I 438- 441.


94. LE CLERCQ, Chrestien [1641-1700?]. New Relation Of Gaspesia With the Customs and Religion of the Gaspesian Indians…Translated And Edited, With A Reprint Of The Original, By William F.Ganong… 8vo. pp. xv, 452, [1]ads. 7 plates (2 folding), 3 maps (1 folding) & 6 plans in the text. original gilt-crested cloth, t.e.g., others untrimmed (front hinge cracked, spine sunned & ends frayed).Toronto: Champlain Society [Publication No. V], 1910.                              


     First Edition of the English Translation, Limited to 520 numbered copies of this valuable first hand account of later Recollet missionary activity in Northeastern Canada and New Brunswick, and one of the most authentic and charming studies of Canadian Indian life. Le Clercq's relation provides one of the most thorough and detailed early descriptions of the Micmac Indians of the Gaspé Peninsula, their origins, dress, language, beliefs and superstitions, customs and way of life. Le Clercq spent an intermittent twelve years (1675-1886) as a missionary among the Micmacs, by whom he was highly esteemed, and was the first to use the names 'Gaspésie' and 'Gaspésiens' to denote the territory and its inhabitants. He invented a system of hieroglyphics with which to teach the Micmacs their catechism and prayers; this system endured and served as the basis for the present-day writing. He also composed a dictionary for the use of future missionaries. The French text is included here as well.

     TPL 111.


95. LONG, J[ohn] [fl. 1768-1791]. Voyages Chez Différentes Nations Sauvages De L'Amérique Septentrionale...Traduits De L'Anglois, avec des notes & additions intéressantes, par J.B.L.J. Billecocq... 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., xxxvi, 320. complete with half-title. folding engraved map. contemporary quarter calf, gilt back. Paris: Prault l'aîné...Fuchs, Libraire..., [1794].           


     First Edition of the French Translation, with Indian vocabularies omitted. "Long came to Canada in 1768, lived for a time on the Caughnawaga mission, and fought among the pro-British Indians in the American revolutionary war. He travelled and traded throughout the Upper Country, about Hudson Bay, and returned penniless to England in 1788. His is a graphic record of Indian life and customs and of conditions in the fur trade during the furious competititon of the Montreal traders among themselves and with the Hudson's Bay Co." (TPL)

     Gagnon I 2144. Howes L-443. Lande 544. Leclerc 943. Sabin 41879. TPL 4759. Bell III 184. Morgan p. 234. Vlach 491. JCB 3667. Cox II 164. Story p. 467. Winsor VI p. 649.


96. LOSKIEL, Georg Heinrich [1740-1814]. Geschichte der Mission der evangelischen Brüder unter den Indianern in Nordamerika. 8vo. pp. 8 p.l., 783, [1]errata. woodcut headpieces. 19th century half roan (rubbed, several early library stamps from the Herrnhuter's mission library on title & front paste-down, paper label on spine, lacking front free-endpaper, scattered light foxing). Barby: Brüdergemeinen & Leipzig: Paul Gotthelf Kummer, 1789.                                   


     First Edition, First Issue, with only 6 lines of errata on verso of last leaf. A valuable and authoritative account of Moravian missionary activity from 1735 to 1787 among the American Indians, chiefly in New York and Pennsylvania, but also extending as far west as Detroit. It is based on the reliable first-hand accounts of missionaries Gottlieb Spangenberg and David Zeisberger. Included here are details regarding the Gnadenhutten and Salem massacres, and what is possibly the earliest printed reference to Pennsylvania oil, pp. 151-52. In the English translation by La Trobe, published in 1794, the names of several former enemies of the mission were omitted at Zeisberger's request.

     Bell L413. Howes L-474. JCB II 3295. Lande S1314. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 317. Sabin 42109. Winsor V p. 245. cfField 952.


97. LUBBOCK, Sir John, [fourth baronet, and first Baron Avebury] [1834-1913].The Original Of Civilisation And The Primitive Condition Of Man. Mental And Social Condition Of Savages...8vo. pp. xx, 548 + 24-page Longman’s catalogue. with half-title. 6 plates & 20 text illus. 1 folding table. A nice copy in original black & gilt-stamped cloth (light wear, upper rear joint & head of spine with short splits in cloth). London: Longmans, Green, And Co., 1882.                       


     Fourth Enlarged Edition of this study of art, systems of marriage and relationships, religions, language, moral character, and laws of various native tribes of Africa, Asia, Australasia, and America. Lubbock’s sources, listed on pp. xvii-xx, included Bancroft, Carver, Catlin, Charlevoix, Franklin, James, Lafitau, Lyon, Mollhausen, Ross, Schoolcraft, Sproat, Vancouver, and Wilkes for his information respecting North American aboriginals.

     Bagnall 3194n. cfFerguson 11749a & b. cfHocken p. 269. cfSabin 42601. cfMendelssohn III 175.


98. LYON, Captain G[eorge] F[rancis] [1795-1832]. The Private Journal Of Captain G.F.Lyon, Of H.M.S. Hecla, During The Recent Voyage Of Discovery Under Captain Parry…New Edition. 8vo. pp. xi, [1], 468. lacking half-title. folding engraved map, 7 plates (incl. frontis.), & 2 text illus. of musical notation. Uncut in original bds., rebacked (some light foxing to & offsetting from plates. London: John Murray, 1825.                                                                                              


     Second Edition (first: 1824) of this account of the second Parry expedition to the Canadian Arctic in 1821-23, on which Lyon served as second in command. The narrative is rich in descriptive detail, especially concerning Esquimaux life on southern Baffin Island and Melville Peninsula. The Fury and Hecla sailed through Hudson and Frozen Straits and explored Repulse Bay, Lyon Inlet, Fury and Hecla Strait, Winter and Igloolik Islands.

     Arctic Bib. 10531. Sabin 42853. Smith 6166. See Hill p. 186, Lande 1291, & TPL 1289 for a variant issue collating xi, [1], 468. cfField 961.


First White Man To Traverse The Entire Labrador Peninsula

99. McLEAN, John [1799-1890]. Notes Of A Twenty-Five Year’s Service In The Hudson’s Bay Territory. 2 Volumes. 12mo. pp. 1 p.l., [v]-xii, [13]-308; vii, [1]blank, [9]-328. lacking half-titles. modern cloth. London: Richard Bentley, 1849.           


     First Edition. A vivid and entertaining memoir of life in the service of the Hudson’s Bay Company, about whose methods of operation the author is able to provide some candid, insightful, and critical comments. McLean joined the Company in 1821, and was successively stationed in the Ottawa Valley, the North-West, on the Pacific Coast, in Hudson’s Bay, and in Labrador. He retired in 1845 to Guelph, Ontario, where he wrote this book. Of particular value is the section dealing with the Labrador Peninsula, a little known area at the time, and one which McLean is credited with being the first white man to traverse in its entirely. There he discovered the Grand Falls on the Northwest River. The life and customs of the various Canadian native tribes and Esquimaux are described with some detail, especially in their relations with the Hudson’s Bay Company. “One of the classics of wilderness travel.” (TPL)

     Bell M30. Field 996. Graff 2640. Lande 1322. Morgan p. 271. O’Dea 535a. Peel 225. Sabin 43514. Smith 6418. Strathern 346. Streeter VI 3712. TPL 2729. Wagner-Camp 169. Winsor VIII p. 74.


100. MacLEAN, John [1851-1928]. Canadian Savage Folk. The Native Tribes Of Canada. 8vo. pp. viii, [9]-641. frontis. portrait & 94 text illus. (many full-page). A tight, bright copy in original black & gilt-stamped cloth. Toronto: William Briggs…, 1896.  


     First Edition. The author, a Methodist missionary, was stationed at the Blood Indian Reserve near Fort Macleod, Alberta, from 1880 to 1889, and afterwards served in various western charges until his retirement in 1911. This substantial work is understandably largely devoted to the western tribes, although Eastern Canada is not neglected.

     Peel 2280.


101. McLEAN, John [1851-1928]. The Indians Of Canada: Their Manners and Customs. Third Edition8vo. pp. x, [11]-351, [1]. wood-engraved frontis. & 22 text illus. (most full-page). original black & gilt-stamped decorative cloth (frayed, back cover stained, scattered foxing). London: Charles H.Kelly, 1892.  

     Peel 1798.


102. McLEAN, John [1851-1928]. James Evans Inventor Of The Syllabic System Of The Cree Language. 12mo. pp. xii, [13]-208. 21 wood-engraved illus. (some full-page, incl. frontis. portrait). original black & gilt-stamped cloth (slight discoluration to lower spine). Toronto: William Briggs…, [1890].                                                                                     


     First Edition, variant issue. Evans [1801-1846] taught in the Methodist missions at Rice Lake in 1828, and served as a missionary to the Ojibway Indians on the St. Clair River, 1834, and among the first nations of Lake Superior, 1838-40. In 1840 he became general superintendent of the northwest missions. At Norway House, he invented the Cree syllabic alphabet, and printed a number of hymn and textbooks, the first examples of printing in the Canadian north-west.

     Peel 234n.


103. MARIE DE L’INCARNATION, Mother [1599-1672]. Lettres De La Vénérable Mère Marie De L’Incarnation Première Supérieure Des Ursulines De La Nouvelle France. 4to. pp. 5 p.l., 675, [1]. lacking engraved frontis. portrait, which is not always present. woodcut ornaments & initials. contemporary mottled calf, gilt back (extremities worn, wormholes in lower spine & marginal worming throughout the volume - in several instances touching a letter or 2 of text – mostly in headlines of last few leaves, small rubberstamp on title). Paris: Louis Billaine, 1681.                                                     


     First Edition. Compiled and edited by the author’s son, Claude Martin. Mère Marie de L’Incarnation (née Marie Guyart) was one of the founders and first Superior of the Ursuline Convent at Quebec. “For 33 years [1639-1672] she took part in the unremitting struggles of the French to establish themselves in North America.” (DCB) Mère Marie was a gifted and spirited letter writer and it is a pity that only 221 of an estimated 13,000 of her letters have survived. They are full of important and interesting details regarding daily life in the colony, French and Indian relations, exploration, trade, church affairs, and the Ursulines’ teaching and catechising of the young Iroquois Indians. The work was highly praised by Charlevoix.

     TPL 6350. Dionne II 198. Harrisse 148. JCB p. 84. Lande 599. Sabin 44562. Streeter I 100. Vlach 520. cfBell M145-146 (later editions). DCB I pp. 351-59.


104. MARIE DE L’INCARNATION, Mother [1599-1672]. Lettres De La Révérende Mère Marie De L’Incarnation (Née Marie Guyard) Première Supérieure Du Monastère Des Ursulines De Québec... 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. xix, 557; 2 p.l., 560. with half-titles. original blind & gilt-stamped cloth. Paris: Librairie Internationale Catholique..., 1876.                    


     Second Enlarged Edition with eight new letters appearing here for the first time and annotations by L’Abbe Richaudeau (first: 1681).

     Dionne II 1631.TPL 65. cfHarrisse 148. cfJCB p. 84. cfLande 599. cfSabin 44562.


105. MASON, Otis Tufton. Aboriginal American Harpoons: A Study in Ethnic Distribution and Invention. [IN]: Annual Report Of The Board Of Regents Of The Smithsonian Institution...For The Year Ending June 30, 1900. Report Of The U.S. National Museum. 8vo. pp. xvi, 738. numerous plates & text illus. original gilt-stamped cloth. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1902.                                                                                                                                            


     Mason’s article occupies pp. 189-304 and is illustrated by 19 plates and 92 text figures. Also included here are Anthropological Studies in California by William Henry Holmes, pp. 155-187, with 50 plates, A Collection of Hopi Ceremonial Pigments by Walter Hough, pp. 463-471, Descriptive Catalogue of the Collections of Gems in the U.S. National Museum by Wirt Tassin, pp. 473-670, with p plates, 26 text figures and bibliography, and Descriptive Catalogue of the Meteorite Collection in the U.S. National Museum by Wirt Tassin, pp. 671-698, with 4 plates.

     Arctic Bib. 11041.


106. MATHERS, C[harles] W[esley] [1869-1950].The Far North [Cover Title]. oblong 4to. [ff. 27]. 27 mounted photographic illus. wrs., mounted photographic illus. on upper wr., corded tie (wrs. rubbed, corners or wrs. curled, small stain on upper wr., some leaves sprung). [Edmonton: 1902]. 


     C.W. Mathers began his photographic career with the Edmonton branch studio of the Calgary photographic partnership of Boorne & May. According to Alberta photohistorian Brock Silversides, Mathers was Edmonton's only photographer for several years, including the first two years of the Klondike Gold Rush. In 1901 he travelled with a Hudson's Bay Company trader to Fort MacPherson on the Peel River, and was able to take the first professional photographs of Inuit in the region. Mathers sold his business in 1904 and moved to Vancouver, B.C.


107. MAURAULT, J[oseph Pierre] A[nselme] [1819-1871]. Histoire Des Abenakis, Depuis 1605 Jusqu’à Nos Jours. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., iii, x, [1], 631, [4 leaves]incl. errata at end. later hard-grained leather, all edges gilt (foxing to endpapers & 2 outer leaves). Sorel: Printed at the Office of the Sorel Gazette, 1866.


     First Edition. Standard history of the Abenakis (Abnakis), a confederation of northeastern American Algonquian Indians, formerly based mainly in what is now Maine. Maurault gives some account of their manners and customs, French missionary work among them, and the role they played assisting the French during King William’s War (1689-97), Queen Anne’s War (1702-13), and the Seven Years’ War (1756-63). Maurault ministered to the Abenaki mission of Saint-François-de-Sales near Saint-Thomas-de-Pierreville in Quebec. He mastered their language, and in addition to the present history, wrote two important reports in defence of their rights in 1856 and 1865.

     Dionne I 947, Gagnon I 2289, & Morgan p. 253 (all citing incorrect pagination). Pilling, Algonquian, p. 346. Sabin 46948. TPL 4520. Story pp. 1-2.


108. MERLET, Luc[ien Victor Claude] [1827-1898]. Histoire Des Relations Des Hurons Et Des Abnaquis Du Canada Avec Notre-Dame De Chartres, suivie de documents inédits Sur La Sainte Chemise. 8vo. pp. xxiii, 78, [1]. 2 double-page hand-coloured lithographed plates. title in red & black. printed on blue paper. Untrimmed & unopened in original printed wrs. Chartres: Petrot-Garnier, 1858.                                                                                                                             


     An interesting account of the interchange, in the late seventeenth centurty, of gifts between the Huron and Abnaki Indians served by the Jesuits, and the chapter at Chartres; with accompanying documents.” (TPL)


109. MESSITER, Charles Alston [b. 1841]. Sport And Adventures Among The North-American Indians. 8vo. pp. xvi, [1], 368. with half-title. 9 illus. by Charles Whymper. original pictorial cloth (extremities rubbed). London: R.H.Porter, 1890.  


     First Edition. Messiter travelled extensively in the Canadian and American West (Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Missouri, and Texas), partly in company with Milton and Cheadle. The winter of 1862-63 he spent in the Thickwood Hills northwest of Fort Carlton in Saskatchewan. His narrative relates his sporting adventures in pursuit of grizzlies, moose, buffalo, wild geese and grouse, and includes much of interest relating to the manners and customs of the Sioux, Cree and Caddo Indian tribes.

     Peel 444.


110. MIKKELSEN, Ejnar [b. 1880]. De Østgrønlandske Eskimoers Historie. 8vo. pp. 202, [2]ads. with half-title. folding map & 9 plates (7 double-sided). contemporary half cloth, original illus. wrs. bound in (wrs. soiled). Copenhagen: Gyldendalske Boghandel, Nordisk Forlag, 1934. 

     First Edition.

     Arctic Bib. 11433.


111. MILLER, [Cincinnatus Hiner] (called JOAQUIN) [1839-1913]. Life Amongst The Modocs: Unwritten History. 8vo. pp. viii, 400. with half-title. original black & gilt-stamped cloth, somewhat crudely recornered (corners & joints frayed, back cover discoloured, occasional light foxing). London: Richard Bentley And Son, 1873.


     First Edition. "A curious account of Miller’s life and experiences with the Indians of Northern California, largely devoted to his quixotic attempt to form an Indian republic among the Pit River Indians, the Klamaths, Shastas, and Modocs, and of his participation in the so-called Pit River Massacre.” (Zamorano 80)

     Howes M-608. Cown p. 154. Soliday II 1116. Smith 6806. Zamorano 80, 55.


112. (MOHAWK). CATHOLIC CHURCH. LITURGY AND RITUAL. MUSIC IN PLAINSONG. [MAINVILLE, Moïse] (Compiler) [1844-1912]. Kaiatonsera Teieriwakwatha. Onkweonweneha… 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., 420, [1 leaf], 10*. with half-title. some musical notation in text. original cloth (rear hinge cracked). Tiohtiake [Montreal]: Tehonaristorarakon E.Senekar Nok Roienha, 1890.    

     Collection of hymns in music, possibly translated by Jean André Cuoq, with music.

     Banks p. 112. Not in Evans.


113. MORGAN, Lewis H. League Of The Ho-De-No-Sau-Nee Or Iroquois. 8vo. pp. xviii, [1 leaf], 477. with half-title. 22 hand-coloured lithographed plates (1 folding), 1 folding table & 1 folding map. rebound in buckram with original gilt-stamped morocco, sides & spine mounted, a.e.g. (spine worn, map stained & defective). Rochester: Sage & Brothers, 1851.


     First Edition of Morgan’s first major work, a systematic and thorough investigation into the internal organization of the society and government of the Iroquois confederacy. The first scientific account of an Indian tribe to be published, it was hailed as an outstanding pioneering achievement in the study of kinship systems by even the most outspoken of his critics, and earned him the title of ‘Father of American Anthropology’. His theories had a profound influence and his work was enthusiastically endorsed by Marx and Engels as supporting the materialist interpretation of history.

     Morgan was afforded particularly favourable opportunities for his researches, since he was adopted by a tribe of Senecas in his youth as a reward for having successfully defended them in a legal suit. Besides Iroquois social and political organization, Morgan here examines as well their history, geography, religious beliefs, dances, games, costumes and language. The plates, which are usually uncoloured, depict native crafts and dress. The map shows the territory once occupied by the Six Nations, with all place names in the aboriginal language; a key in the appendix gives the English equivalents and significance.

     Field 1091. Howes M-804. Sabin 50666. TPL 8142.


114. MORRIS, Alexander [1826-1889]. The Treaties Of Canada With The Indians Of Manitoba And The North-West Territories, Including The Negotiations On Which They Were Based, And Other Information Relating Thereto. 8vo. pp. 373 + [5]ads. original blind & gilt-stamped cloth (rubbed, extremities bit frayed). Toronto: Belfords, Clarke & Co., 1880.     


     First Edition. “A valuable source book by one who played a leading role in settling the India\ns’ claims.” (Peel)

     Peel 940.

115. [MOUNTAIN, George Jehoshaphat [1789-1863]. The Journal Of The Bishop Of Montreal, During A Visit To The Church Missionary Society’s North-West Mission....Second Edition. small 8vo. pp. 4 p.l., lxxix, 166, [1]ads. folding map & 4 wood-engraved plates (incl. frontis.). original blind-stamped cloth, rebacked preserving endleaves (corners worn, 3 insitutional rubberstamps, occasional spotting). London: Seeleys, 1849.                                                           


     Mountain’s 1844 expedition to the Red River was the first such visit undertaken by an Anglican bishop. In addition to describing the 2,000 mile journey by canoe and on foot and the events of his 18-day stay, Mountain also provides an account of the Indian population of the fur country, their moral and general condition, and an historical summary of the formation and progress of the mission of the Church Missionary Society in Prince Rupert’s Land. It was largely through the influence and efforts of the Bishop that the diocese of Rupert’s Land was created in 1849.

     Peel 226n. Sabin 51186. cfTPL 2735. cfLande 1355.


116. NEWTON, William [1828-1910]. Twenty Years On The Saskatchewan, N.W. Canada. 8vo. pp. 3 p.l., 184. complete with errata slip. 6 illus. (all but one full-page; incl. frontis. portrait). original black & gilt-stamped cloth (extremities frayed, some pencil scoring, shaken). London: Elliot Stock, 1897.                                                                                


     First Edition. In 1875 the author left his parish in the Toronto diocese and went to Western Canada as a missionary for the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. He became the first Anglican missionary at Edmonton in the North West Territories and maintained his headquarters there for over thirty years. His narrative includes reflections on the Riel Rebellion, Indian life, emigration, the progress of missionary work in the West, the character and accomplishments of Wesleyan missionary James Evans, and the future of North-West Canada.

     Peel 2355.


117. (OJIBWAY). A Cheap And Concise Dictionary Of The Ojibway And English Languages Compiled and Abridged from Larger Editions by English and French Authors. 2 Volumes [I. English And Ojibway; II. Ojibway And English]. 16mo. pp. 115; 177. original printed wrs. (light dampstain to first few leaves of Vol. II else very good).Toronto & Rochester: International Colportage Mission, 1903-07.                                                                                                       

     Banks pp. 138-39.


Confidential Government Report on Oka, 1877

118. (OKA). [LAFLAMME, Toussaint Antoine Rodolphe] [1827-1893].[Report On Oka Questions]. folio. pp. 16. disbound. (a few marginal tears & 2 marginal repairs). [Ottawa: 1877].                                                                  


     Rare. The prefatory letter, marked ‘Confidential’, is (signed) David Mills, Minister of the Interior. In his report as Minister of Justice on the dispute relating to the Oka Indians’ claims to proprietary rights in the land and timber, &c., in the Seigniory of the Lake of Two Mountains, Laflamme maintained that the lands belonged to the Seminary of St. Sulpice, who had been granted them by the King of France in 1718 and which grant was confirmed in 1735. “It is therefore evident to me that the grants relating to the Seigniory of Two Mountains do not disclose the fact that it was the intention of either the Crown or the Seminary to give or acknowledge any claim of Indians residing either at Montreal, at Sault-au-Recollet, or at Two Mountains, any right in the soil, but only to secure to them a spiritual benefit totally distinct from the grant of the land or any easement thereon, leaving the missionaries to use the property in the exercise of their duties as they deemed most advisable consistently with their duty.” (p. 7)

     Not in Casey.


119. (OKA). SCOTT, Rev. William [1812?-1891]. Report Relating To The Affairs Of The Oka Indians Made To The Superintendent General of Indian Affairs…With An Appendix. 8vo. pp. 74. original printed wrs. (spine partly defective, foxing to wrs. & outer leaves). Ottawa: Printed by MacLean, Roger & Co., [1883].        


     First Edition. Scarce. The Wesleyan Methodist minister was requested by the Superintendent of the Department of Indian Affairs to examine and report on the dispute relating to the Oka Indians’ claims to proprietary rights in the land and timber, &c., in the Seigniory of the Lake of Two Mountains. Scott supported the Government’s position that the lands belonged to the Seminary of St. Sulpice, who had been granted them by the King of France in 1718, that they were not an Indian Reserve under government control, and therefore the Okas should resettle on the lands set apart for them in the township of Gibson in Muskoka.

     Casey II 513.


120. PARRY, Sir William Edward [1790-1855]. Journal Of A Second Voyage For The Discovery of A North-West Passage From The Atlantic to the Pacific; Performed in the Years 1821-23, In His Majesty's Ships Fury and Hecla... 4to. pp. 4 p.l., xxx, [1 leaf], 571, [1]errata, [4]ads. 9 engraved & lithographed maps (4 folding) & 30 engraved & aquatint (9) plates (4 folding). 12 text illus. (including diagrams, plan & music). A nice copy in contemporary blind & gilt-stamped calf, rebacked, corners renewed (a few surface abrasions to rear cover, some light foxing & offsetting). armorial bookplate of Edwyn Scudamore Stanhope, with his gilt crest on covers. London: John Murray, 1824.                                                                               


     First Edition. Parry was of the opinion that the Northwest Passage could probably be reached through Hudson's Bay. In 1821, he set out to investigate that possibility and to link up with John Franklin's overland expedition to the Coppermine River, and down to Coronation Gulf. He sailed through Hudson and Frozen Straits, explored Repulse Bay and proceeded west and north to Lyon Inlet. He passed the winter at Winter Island and then resumed his northward voyage, discovering Fury and Hecla Strait. The second winter was spent at Igloolik Island off the northeast coast of the Melville Peninsula.

     This account of the voyage and explorations conducted contains much information regarding the characteristics and social life of the Esquimaux of the region. Most of the plates, after drawings by Captain Lyon, illustrate the domestic life of the Esquimaux, their fishing and hunting practices, dwellings and tools, &c. An Esquimaux vocabulary is also included.

     Arctic Bib. 13142. Field 1184. Hill p. 226. Lande 1385. National Maritime Museum I 836. Sabin 58864. Smith 7965. TPL 1295.


121. [PAUW, Corneille De] [1739-1799]. Recherches Philosophiques Sur Les Américains, Ou Mémoires intéressants pour servir à l’Histoire de l’Espèce humaine… 3 Volumes. 8vo. pp. xxii, [2], 384, [30]index; 2 p.l., 416, [32]index; 256. woodcut initials & title vignettes. titles of first 2 vols. in red & black. Uniformly bound in contemporary half calf, gilt backs (rubbed, some browning & foxing throughout, mainly in the first 2 vols.). Clèves: J.G.Baerstecher, 1772 & [Vol. III:] Berlin: 1770.


     A curious work, in which De Pauw attempts to prove the inferiority of the American climate, vegetation, and in particular, the character and way of life of the native inhabitants. Included are accounts of the ‘Hermaphrodite de la Floride’, the customs of circumcision and infibulation, and a long chapter on the Esquimaux. The work aroused considerable criticism, notably that of Dom Pernetty; De Pauw’s reply to these attacks is here contained in Volume III.

     Sabin 59245 (third vol. with imprint: Berlin: 1772). Bell P131 (Vols. I-II). Field 420 (Berlin 1770 edn.). cfHowes P-142. cfJCB I 1798.


122. PERROT, Nicolas. Mémoire Sur Les Moeurs, Coustumes Et Relligion Des Sauvages De L’Amérique Septentrionale…Publié Pour La Première Fois Par Le R.P.J.Tailhan… [Series Title: Bibliotheca Americana Collection D’Ouvrages Inédits Ou Rares Sur L’Amérique].8vo. pp. viii, xxxix, [1]errata, 341, [1], [xli]-xliii. titles printed in red & black. contemporary quarter morocco (some marginal foxing). Leipzig & Paris: Librairie A.Franck…, 1864.                                                      


     First Edition. An important account of the beliefs and customs of native tribes and the activities of a voyageur, fur trader, and Indian agent in the Great Lakes region, 1660-1699, published from the original manuscript written by Perrot in circa 1700. “Perrot’s first official post was as interpreter to the expedition under the sieur de Saint-Lusson who took formal possession of the western territories at Sault Ste Marie on 14 June 1674. He was appointed agent to the Ottawa Indians in 1683 and led them in the campaign against the Iroquois in 1684. He was made commandant at Baie des Puants (Green Bay), Lake Michigan, in 1685 and built Fort Saint-Antoine on Lake Pepin (Wisconsin) in the Sioux country in 1685 and Fort Saint-Nicolas at the mouth of the Wisconsin in 1689. He took possession for France of the upper Mississippi valley where he discovered lead mines in 1692 or 1693 and left the western posts in 1696 when all permissions to trade (congées) were withdrawn. In 1701 Perrot was one of the interpreters at Montreal when a treaty of peace was signed between the Iroquois and the nations allied to the French. His Mémoire…gives an interesting account of his work and is the only source for some of the episodes and aspects of French trade among the western tribes.” (Story)

     “[Perrot] had an intimate knowledge of the Upper Lake region and extensive connections among the Indians. His narrative is of some of the best, of others the only record of episodes in mid-western exploration and Indian relations.” (TPL)

     TPL 130. Howes P-246. Field 1799. Gagnon I 2695. Dionne I 854. Sabin 61022. DCB II pp. 516-20. Story p. 633.


123. PETITOT, Émile [Fortune Stanislas Joseph] [1838-1917]. Les Grands Esquimaux. 12mo. pp. 3 p.l., vi, 307, [1], [2 leaves]. with half-title. large folding coloured engraved map & 7 engraved plates. A fine uncut copy in the original printed wrs. Paris: Librairie Plon, 1887.  


     First Edition. The author, an Oblate missionary to the Canadian North-West, wrote a number of valuable works dealing with the geography, anthropology and linguistics of the region. This work recounts his missionary journeys by the Anderson River to Liverpool Bay and the arctic coast and to Fort Macpherson from 1865 to 1879. His exploration of the territory between the Mackenzie and Liard Rivers opened up many new northern routes. One of the tributaries of the Liard was named the Petitot River in honour of its founder.

     Arctic Bib. 13407.


124. PIDGEON, William. Traditions Of De-Coo-Dah, And Antiquarian Researches: Comprising Extensive Explorations, Surveys, And Excavations Of The Wonderful And Mysteriosu Earthen Remains Of The Mound-Builders In America; The Traditions Of The Last Prophet Of The Elk Nation Relative To Their Origin And Use. 8vo. pp. 334. folding wood-engraved frontis. & numerous text illus. (most full-page). without the map, as usual. original pictorial cloth (extremities frayed, head of spine chipped). London: Published By Sampson Low, Son, And Co., New York: Horace Thayer & Co., 1853.                   

     First Edition.

     Sabin 62698. Howes P-351. cfField 1214. cfLarned 583.


125. POTIER, Pierre [Philippe] [1708-1781]. Huron Manuscripts From Rev. Pierre Potier’s Collection IN ONTARIO. BUREAU OF ARCHIVES. Fifteenth Report…1918-1919. 8vo. pp. xix, 782. 2 full-page illus. original printed wrs. (slight chipping to spine ends). Toronto: Clarkson W.James, 1920.


     Including the text of a number of Potier’s manuscripts relating to the Huron language, grammar and etymology (‘Elementa Huronicae’, ‘Radices Huronicae’ &c.). Potier came to Canada as a Jesuit missionary in 1743, first serving at Ancienne Lorette near Quebec. In 1744 he was sent to the Huron mission opposite Detroit on the Detroit River where he remained until his death.

     DCB IV p. 640.


126. PRIEST, Josiah. American Antiquities And Discoveries In The West: Being An Exhibition Of The Evidence That An Ancient Population Of Partially Civilized Nations Differing Entirely From Those Of The Present Indians Peopled America Man Centuries Before Its Discovery By Columbus… 8vo. 1 folding plate (incl. frontis.) & 1 folding chart. several text illlus. contemporary sheep (bit rubbed, some foxing throughout, edges of frontis. tatty). Albany: Printed For Hoffman And White, 1835. $200

     Fifth Edition.

     Sabin 65484 (calling for a third plate, not present in this copy, but with no evidence that it was removed).cfField 1245. cfHowes P-592.


127. RASMUSSEN, Knud [1879-1933]. Across Arctic America Narrative of the Fifth Thule Expedition. 8vo. pp. xx, 388. 4 maps (1 folding in colour) & 66 plates (incl. frontis. portrait). original cloth, t.e.g. dw. (dw. tattered with tape repairs). New York & London: G.P.Putnam’s Sons, 1927.                           


     First Edition of the abridged English Translation of this popular account of the Danish Ethnographical Expedition led by Rasmussen in 1921-24. The scientific expedition’s purpose was to investigate extinct and living cultures in Greenland, northern Canada and Alaska in order to determine the origin and migrations of the Eskimos. Included is much detail respecting Eskimo manners and customs.

     Arctic Bib. 14179.


128. RASMUSSEN, Knud [1879-1933].Intellectual Culture Of The Copper Eskimos. large 4to. pp. 350. 2 maps, 15 double-sided plates & numerous text illus. Uncut in original printed wrs. Copenhagen: Gyldendalske Boghandel, Nordisk Forlag, 1932.    


     Report of the Fifth Thule Expedition 1921-24 Vol. IX. Social life, customs and spiritual beliefs of the Eskimos of the Coronation Gulf area, with texts of songs and legends, information on games and string figures, and word lists.

     Arctic Bib. 14210.


129. [REICHEL, William Cornelius] [1824-1876].A Memorial Of The Dedication Of Monuments Erected By The Moravian Historical Society, To Mark The Sites of Ancient Missionary Stations In New York And Connecticut. 8vo. pp. viii, [5]-184, [1]. 4 wood-engraved plates & 1 full-page text plan. original blind-stamped cloth (extremities frayed, some discolouration & a few stains to cloth). New York: C.B.Richardson & Philadelphia: J.B.Lippincott & Co., 1860.                         

     First Edition.

     Sabin 68991.


130. ROCHEMONTEIX, Camille De. Les Jésuites Et La Nouvelle-France Au XVIIe Siècle D’Après Beaucoup De Documents Inédits… 3 Volumes. 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., lxiv, 488; 2 p.l., 536; 2 p.l., 694. with half-titles. 3 colour lithographed folding maps & 8 portraits. Uncut in original printed wrs. (some chipping to foot of spines & edges of wrs., Vol. III respined, Vol. II spine almost broken in 2). Paris: Letouzey Et Ané, 1895-96.                                                                               


     First Edition. An important Jesuit account of the Order’s missionary activity and exploration in New France in the seventeenth century, including many previously unpublished documents. “Thorough, but biased narrative of missionary activities and exploring enterprise throughout the Lake region and the Mississippi valley.” (Howes)

     Howes R386 (aa rating). Lande S1938. Gagnon II 1825.


131. RYERSON, John [1800-1878]. Hudson's Bay; Or, A Missionary Tour In The Territory Of The Hon. Hudson's Bay Company, By..., Co-Delegate, And Deputation To The Wesleyan Missions In Hudson's Bay: With Brief Introductory Missionary Memorials, And Illustrations. 18mo. pp. xxiv, 190. lithographed frontis. portrait & 9 wood-engraved plates. 1 text illus. original blind-stamped cloth (bit frayed & stained, some foxing to plates, missionary library bookplate). Toronto: Published By G.R.Sanderson, 1855.    


     First Edition. This is Ryerson's epistolary account of his missionary tour to Hudson's Bay conducted in June-October 1854. He describes his journey from Kingston, via Lake Winnipeg and Oxford House, to York Factory, and thence by boat through Hudson Bay and Strait to England, and back. The appendix contains chapters on the Selkirk settlement, mission work among the Indians, the role of the Hudson's Bay Company in improving the social and economic conditions of the native peoples, and the probable fate of Sir John Franklin.

     Arctic Bib. 15076. Gagnon I 3112. Graff 3627. Lande 1432. Morgan p. 334. Peel 166 (imperfect). Sabin 74586. Smith 8901. TPL 3608. Wagner-Camp 270.


132. SAGARD-THÉODAT, Gabriel [fl. 1614-1636]. Dictionnaire De La Langue Huronne… 8vo. pp. 12, [13-144]. woodcut ornaments & title vignette. Uncut & unopened in original printed wrs. (wrs. loose & partly defective, spine perished, stitching broken, some foxing). Paris: Librairie Tross, 1865. 


     Facsimile Reprint of the original 1632 Edition, Limited to 66 Copies of the first printed Huron vocabulary. It originally formed part of the author’s Le Grand Voyage Du Pays Des Hurons. Sagard, a Recollet, accompanied Father Nicolas Viel to New France in 1623, served in Huronia, and returned to France the following year.

     TPL 9386. Banks p. 86. Pilling, Iroquois, p. 148. Gagnon I 3122. Lande S2012n. Sabin 74882. cfField pp. 341-42.


133. SAGARD-THEODAT, Gabriel [fl. 1614-1636]. Le Grand Voyage Du Pays Des Hurons Situé en l’Amérique… 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. 4 p.l., xxv, 206; 1 p.l., [209]-268, 12, [146], [1]leaf. reproduction of original engraved title-page. decorative ornaments & initials. Uncut & unopened in original printed wrs. (some chipping to spine ends & tear in rear wr. of Vol. I, foxing to endleaves). Paris: Librairie Tross, 1865.                                                                                                         


     Sagard, a Recollet, accompanied Father Nicolas Viel to New France in 1623, served in Huronia, and returned to France the following year. He is regarded as the main authority for the history of the first Recollet Mission to Canada, 1615-29, and, with Champlain, the principal source of non-Jesuit information on Indian life and relations with the French, before Le Clercq. Included in Vol. II is a reprint of the first Huron dictionary.

     TPL 32. Banks p. 86 (Huron dictionary). Field 1343. Gagnon I 3120. Lande 769.Pilling, Iroquoian, p. 148. Sabin 74884. DCB I pp. 590-92. Winsor IV 290.


134. SAGARD-THEODAT, Gabriel [fl. 1614-1636]. The Long Journey To The Country Of The Hurons…Edited With Introduction And Notes By George M.Wrong And Translated Into English By H.H.Langton. 8vo. pp. xlvii, 411, xii. 6 plates (3 of Huron music – 1 double-sided) & 2 maps. original gilt-crested cloth, t.e.g, others untrimmed. Toronto: Champlain Society [Publication N. XXV], 1939.                                                                                                                                  


     First Edition of the English Translation, Limited to 550 numbered copies. Sagard, a Recollet, accompanied Father Nicolas Viel to New France in 1623, served in Huronia, and returned to France the following year. He is regarded as the main authority for the history of the first Recollet Mission to Canada, 1615-29, and, with Champlain, the principal source of non-Jesuit information on Indian life and relations with the French, before Le Clercq. The French text is included here as well.

     TPL 4659.


135. SAGARD-THÉODAT, Gabriel [fl. 1614-1636]. Histoire Du Canada Et Voyages Que Les Frères Mineurs Recollects Y Ont Faicts Pour La Conversion Des Infidèles Depuis L'An 1615...Avec Un Dictionnaire De La Langue Huronne. Nouvelle Édition Publiée Par M. Edwin Tross. 4 Volumes in 2. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., lxiv, 272; 3 p.l., 273-542, [4]ads; 3 p.l., 543-825, [1]blank, [2]ads; 3 p.l., 827-922, [44]index, [1 leaf]; 12, [132]Dictionnaire De La Langue Huronne..., [5]Musique..., [1]blank, [2]ads. large-paper copy. with half-title & tipped-in publisher's notice in Vol. I, half-title & tipped-in notice to the binder in Vol. IV. reprint titles in red & black. Unopened in contemporary quarter morocco, t.e.g., others uncut (extremities rubbed, 1 corner knocked). Paris: Librairie Tross, [1865]-1866. 


     Reprint of the very rare original edition of 1636, this one of a limited number of copies on papier de Hollande. The Histoire includes an expanded version of Sagard's Le Grand Voyage Du Pays Des Hurons (1632), and an account of the travels and labours of the Recollets in Canada from 1615 to 1629. Sagard, a Recollet, accompanied Father Nicolas Viel to New France in 1623, served in Huronia, and returned to France the following year. He is regarded as the main authority for the history of the first Recollet Mission to Canada, 1615-29, and, with Champlain, the principal source of non-Jesuit information on Indian life and relations with the French, before Le Clercq.

     Also included here are the first printed Huron vocabulary, which actually formed part of the original edition of Le Grand Voyage, and an important essay on Sagard and his work by H.Émile Chevalier.

     Banks p. 86 (Huron dictionary). Dionne II 1482. Field 1344. Gagnon I 3121. Harrisse 62n. JCB II pp. 261-62. Lande 770. Pilling, Iroquoian, p. 148. Sabin 74886. TPL 33. DCB I pp. 590-92. Winsor IV 290.


136. [SAINT-VALLIER, Jean Baptiste De La Croix De Chevrières De] [1653-1727]. Relation Des Missions De La Nouvelle France, Par M. l’Évêque de Québec. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., 267, [1]privilege. woodcut title vignette, headpiece & initial. contemporary mottled calf, gilt back (rubbed, several holes in front joint, lower outer corner damaged, ink stains to pp. 62-63, few other stains to last leaf & margins of some others, upper outer corner of last leaf & rear endpaper singed). Paris: Robert Pepie, 1688.     


     First Edition, Second Issue with cancel title. Only two copies of this issue are located in the Amicus database of Canadian libraries. The more common first issue has the title Estat Présent De L’Église Et De La Colonie Françoise Dans La Nouvelle France…, with identical imprint.

     Saint-Vallier was Laval’s successor as Bishop of Quebec [1688-1727]. The present work, written in the form of a letter to an anonymous friend, describes his trip to New France between May 1685 and January 1687 to survey the bishopric prior to his consecration. On the voyage out, he sailed on board the same vessel as the Marquis de Denonville, the newly appointed Governor of New France. Saint-Vallier first visited Quebec, then all of the parishes along the St. Lawrence, finally arriving at Montreal. Travelling along the inland waterways, he made his way with a small escort to Acadia, returning to Quebec in the fall of 1686. His informal account provides descriptive details respecting the native tribes and their relations with the white settlers, specific reports on missionary activities, and sketchy information regarding troubles with the Iroquois.

     “This is one of the rarest accounts of the missions published irregularly after the discontinuance of the annual [Jesuit] Relations with the one for 1671-72…It appeared in one edition only but with different title-pages…”. (Bell)

     Bell S58. Church 707. European Americana 688/208. Howes S41. JCB p. 198. Sabin 66979. cfDionne II 218, cfGagnon I 1284, cfHarrisse NF 159, cfLande 773, cfStreeter VI 3632, cfTPL 98, and cfVlach 665 (other issue). DCB II pp. 328-334. Story p. 743. Winsor IV pp. 315-16.


137. SAPIR, Edward. Language And Environment. 8vo. pp. 226-242.  [BOUND WITH:] 10 other works by Sapir, 9 reprinted from the American Anthropologist, and 1 from the Journal of Experimental Psychology, all but 1 bound with original front wr. quarter cloth. Lancaster, PA: The New Era Printing Company…, 1912-36.              $350


     Including: A Note On Reciprocal Terms Of Relationship In America. pp. [133]-138.np: 1913.; A Tutelo Vocabulary. pp. 295-297. 1913.; Wiyot And Yurok, Algonkin Languages Of California. pp. 617-646. 1914.; Southern Paiute And Nahuatl – A Study In Uto-Aztekan. Part II. pp. 98-120. 1915.; Terms Of Relationship And The Levirate. pp. 327-337. 1916.; Kinship Terms Of The Kootenay Indians. pp. 414-418. 1918.; Nass River Terms Of Relationship. pp. 261-271. 1920.; Personal Names Among The Sarcee Indians. pp. [107]-119. 1924.; A Study In Phonetic Symbolism. pp. 225-239. 1929. Signed Presentation Copy.; Internal Linguistic Evidence Suggestive Of The Northern Origin Of The Navaho. pp. [223]-235. 1936.


138. SCHERER, Jean Benoit. Recherches Historiques Et Géographiques Sur Le Nouveau-Monde. 8vo. pp. xii, [4], 352. with half-title. 8 engraved plates & 1 large folding engraved map. woodcut title vignette, ornaments & initial. contemporary mottled calf, gilt back (some scattered light foxing). Paris: Brunet 1777.   


     First Edition of this essay on the origins of the American aborigines. Through a comparative study of languages, customs and traditions, Scherer concluded that America was originally populated by migrants from the various continents of the Old World, specifically the Chinese, Africans, and the trible of Karaites who had disappeared from Asia. The northern part of America, including Alaska, he believed to have been settled by migrations from Asia via the Bering Strait and the sea space between Kamchatka and Alaska.

     “Chapter VII (pp. 156-85) entitled, in translation, ‘Discoveries made by the Russians going from Kamchatka to America’, gives a brief history of Russian attempts to discover land beyond what is now the Bering Sea, including the two Bering expeditions and subsequent ones, both governmental and private, by the cosaques and ‘rpomyshlenniki’, the latter in search of precious furs.” (Lada-Mocarski) The work also includes comparative vocabularies (pp. 302-45), and remarks on the true longitude of Kamchatka (pp. 346-50). The folding map shows Siberia from the River Lena and the town of Jakutsk eastward to the sea of Okhotsk. A note on the map indicates that it was drawn in about 1743 by an Englishman, William Walton.

     Howes S-155. JCB II 2421. Lada-Mocarski 27. Sabin 77608. Wickersham 5950. TPL 6565.


139. SCHOOLCRAFT, Henry R[owe] [1793-1864]. Personal Memoirs Of A Residence Of Thirty Years With The Indian Tribes On The American Frontiers: With Brief Notices Of Passing Events, Facts, And Opinions, A.D. 1812 To A.D. 1842. 8vo. pp. xlviii, [17]-703 + [16]ads. without the frontis. portrait, no issued in all copies. original blind-stamped cloth (rubbed, joints frayed, headpiece torn, light foxing to outer leaves, light dampmark to upper portion & lower margin of last gatherings). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1851.                                                                                                  


     First Edition. Schoolcraft made important contributions to the exploration of the geography and geology of the American West, as well as to the study of Indian ethnology and the promotion of the welfare and protection of the American native tribes. These memoirs are devoted to the early part of his career and include accounts of his two expeditions to the sources of the Mississippi River (the first under General Cass) in 1820 and 1832, his appointment as Indian agent for the Lake Superior tribes in 1822, and his experiences as superintendent of Indian affairs for Michigan, 1836-41, &c.

     Field 1377. Howes S-190. Pilling, Algonquian, p. 450. Sabin 77870. Graff 3699. Wagner-Camp 203b.


140. SCHULTZ, J[ames] W. My Life as an Indian The Story of a Red Woman and a White Man in the Lodges of the Blackfeet. 8vo. pp. [xiii], 426. 16 plates (incl. frontis.), most after photographs by George Bird Grinnell. original pictorial cloth (lacking front flyleaf). Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, [1907].  


     First Edition in Book Form. At the age of twenty the author went west to Montana, where he married into the tribe of Piegan Blackfeet.

     Howes S-203.


141. SHEA, John Gilmary [1824-1892]. History Of The Catholic Missions Among The Indian Tribes Of The United States, 1529-1854. 12mo. pp. 514. 8pp. of ads bound in at end. additional engraved title. 3 engraved portraits. A fine copy in original black & gilt-stamped cloth. New York: P.J.Kenedy, [c1880].    

     cfHowes S-361. cfSabin 8011. cfField 1392.


142. SHIPP, Barnard. The Indian Antiquities Of America. 8vo. pp. x, [1 leaf]plate list, 451. tipped-in errata slip. 23 illus. on 22 plates (incl. frontis.). original cloth (small puncture in lower spine, a few leaves lightly foxed). Philadelphia: Sherman & Co., Printers, 1897.                                                                                                                              


     First Edition. Shipp deals specifically with American tribes, ruins, religion, burial and other customs, antiquities, &c., in chapters X-XXXVI (pages 75-365): Peru, Mexico, the Lower Mississippi region, the Ohio region, Missouri, Wisconsin, Kentucky, Tennessee, the northwest coast, Alaska and the Arctic, and the St. Lawrence region.


143. SLIGHT, Benjamin [1798?-1858].Indian Researches: Or, Facts Concerning The North American Indians… 12mo. pp. ix, [1 leaf], [13]-179. several text illus. later quarter roan (spine chipped & oxidized). Montreal: Printed For The Author, By J.E.L.Miller, 1844.                                                                                                                         $500


     First Edition. Including discussion of tribes, language, character, manners and customs, superstitions and religious beliefs, traditions, and suggestions for future improvements. Slight, a Wesleyan Methodist minister in Upper Canada, dedicated his work to William Case, father of the Wesleyan Indian missions in the province, and to Rev. Joseph Stinson, Superintendent of the missions.

     TPL 5286. Casey I 1958. Dionne III 454. Field 1421. Gagnon I 3329. Howes S-554. Lande S2082. Sabin 82147.


144. SMET, Pierre Jean De [1801-1873].Life, Letters And Travels…Edited…by Hiram Martin Chittenden and Alfred Talbot Richardson. 4 Volumes. 8vo. pp. xv, 402; vii, 403-794; vi, 795-1211; vi, 1213-1624. 16 plates & folding map in rear pocket A fine untrimmed set in original cloth. gilt crests on lower spines. New York: Francis P. Harper, 1905.       


     First Collected Edition, edited by Hiram Martin Chittenden and Alfred Talbot Richardson from the original unpublished manuscript journals and letter books and from De Smet’s printed works, with additional historical, geographical, ethnological and other notes, and a biography.The Belgian-born De Smet served as a Jesuit missionary among the native tribes on the plains, Pacific coast and in the Rocky Mountains in both American and British held territories. Respected and highly influential, he was on numerous occasions engaged by the American government to conduct negotiations with the Indians, and he played a role in the formation of national native American policy. Included are many detailed descriptions of the manners and customs, modes of warfare, legends, and traditions of numerous tribes, including the Sioux, Blackfeet, Flatheads, Assiniboines, Pawnees, Delawares, and Oregon Indians. Some bibliographies erroneously refer to a 1904 edition.

     Graff 3824. Howes C-392. Smith 9545. Strathern & Edwards 510.


145. [SMITH, William, Provost] [1727-1803]. Relation Historique De L'Expédition Contre Les Indiens De L'Ohio En MDCCLXIV. Commandée par le Chevalier Henry Bouquet...Traduit de l'Anglois, Par C.G.F. Dumas. 8vo. pp. xvi, 147, [10]. complete with half-title. 3 folding engraved maps & plans by Thomas Hutchins, folding engraved plate of troop formations & 2 engraved plates after Benjamin West (1 partly hand-coloured). 19th century half calf (spine & corners worn, hole in blank portion of half-title repaired). Amsterdam: Marc Michel Rey, 1769.                                                                                         


     First Edition of the French Translation by C.G.F. Dumas of this account of Colonel Henry Bouquet's decisive campaign of 1763-64 in the Ohio region, which put an end to Pontiac's conspiracy. The work was originally published at Philadelphia in 1764, and then at London the following year. Appearing here for the first time is a brief prefatory biography of Bouquet written by the translator; according to the DAB, this is the sole authority for Bouquet's European career.

     Although long believed to have been written by Thomas Hutchins, who accompanied the expedition and executed the engraved plans, it is now established that this account was prepared by Provost Smith from Bouquet's notes at his request. Bouquet came to North America in 1756, where he proved himself to be a brilliant commander, serving largely on the western frontier, and quickly adapting himself and his troops to the exigencies of wilderness warfare. In 1763 he marched a small army of Royal Americans and Highlanders to relieve Fort Pitt in the Ohio region, repulsing a group of Delawares and Shawnees at Edgehill, and crushing an Indian attack at Bushy Run. The following year he commanded the southern of two expeditions sent to pacify the Indians. Leading a small force of provincials and regulars to the forks of the Muskingum, he succeeded in forcing the surrender of all prisoners in Indian hands and concluded a general peace, thus ending the conspiracy of Pontiac. In recognition of his services, he was publicly thanked by the King and by the assemblies of the southern provinces, awarded the rank of brigadier, and given command of the southern district.

     The plates include a map of the Ohio region, showing the course of the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers and the positions of the Indian villages relative to the army of Colonel Bouquet, a plan of the battle of Bushy Run, a map showing the route of Bouquet's march across the Indian territory in 1764, a plate of troop formations, and two engravings after Benjamin West, which originally appeared in the London edition of 1766, one representing the conference between Bouquet and the Indians in October 1764, the other showing the English captives being returned by the Indians to Colonel Bouquet in November 1764.

     Bell S349. Dionne II 748. Field 1443. Howes S-693. Lande S2099. Sabin 84647. cfStreeter II 972. cfTPL 6521. Winsor VI p. 699.


146. SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY. Annual Reports 1-48. numerous plates (some colour) & maps (some folding). bound in 54 volumes. 44 vols in original cloth, 4 in original wrs, 2 in contemporary half-leather, 2 in contemporary calf, 2 in modern buckram (condition varies: details available upon request). Washington: 1881-1933.


     A valuable source of information for native American ethnology, archaeology, and linguistics. The Bureau of American Ethnology (originally the Bureau of Ethnology to 1897) was established in 1879 by the US government for the purpose of transferring archives, records and materials relating to native Americans from the Interior Department to the Smithsonian Institution. The founding director, John Wesley Powell, broadened its mission to incorporate the promotion and organization of anthropological research in America. In addition to organizing field research projects, the Bureau prepared exhibits for expositions, collected anthropological artifacts for the Smithsonian United States National Museum, acted as the official repository of documents concerning American Indians collected by the various US geological surveys, including the Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region and the Geological Survey of the Territories, and developed a manuscript repository, library and graphics section that included photographic work.

     Among the Bureau’s staff were some of America's earliest field anthropologists, including Frank Hamilton Cushing, James Owen Dorsey, Jesse Walter Fewkes, Alice Cunningham Fletcher, John N.B. Hewitt, Francis LaFlesche, Cosmos and Victor Mindeleff, James Mooney, John Stevenson, and Matilda Coxe Stevenson. Important twentieth century anthropologists included Neil Judd, John Peabody Harrington (a linguist who spent more than 40 years documenting endangered languages) and William C. Sturtevant. The Bureau also supported the work of many non-Smithsonian researchers (known as collaborators), notably Franz Boas, Frances Densmore, Garrick Mallery, Washington Matthews, Paul Radin, Cyrus Thomas and T.T. Waterman.


147. SPENCE, Lewis. The Myths Of The North American Indians. 8vo. pp. xii, 393. map & 36 plates incl. 32 in colour by James Jack. biblio. index. full gilt-stamped morocco, t.e.g., others untrimmed. London: George G.Harrap & Company, 1914.      

     First Edition.


148. STONE, William L[eete] [1792-1844]. The Life And Times Of Red-Jacket, Or Sa-Go-Ye-Wat-Ha; Being The Sequel To The History Of The Six Nations. large 8vo. pp. x, [1 leaf], 484. frontis. 2 engraved portraits, the frontis. engraved by M.J.Danforth after a painting by W.Weir & 3 full-page wood-engravings. title vignette. full red morocco, gilt back, t.e.g, others uncut (joints & edges rubbed). Inserted one-page ALS from Stone’s son, dated May 7, 1907, referring to this as a large-paper copy. Albany: J.Munsell, 1866.                                                                                                                           


     Second Enlarged Edition, one of 50 copies on large-paper. Upon the death of Joseph Brant, the great Seneca chief Red-Jacket became the principal figure among the Six Nations. His biography was intended by Stone to serve as a sequel to his biography of Brant, continuing the history of the Six Nations down to the conclusion of the treaty for the sale of the residue of the Seneca lands in 1838, which marked the extinction of the confederacy. The biography includes considerable discussion of the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 (including operations in Canada), in which the Senecas played a major role.

     Howes S-1038. Lande S2141. Sabin 92138. TPL 9507. Bib. Munselliana p. 147 (citing 500 copies printed, 50 copies on large paper & 25 in 4to.). cfField 1508.


149. STONE, William L[eete] [1792-1844]. Life Of Joseph Brant – Thayendanega: Including The Border Wars Of The American Revolution, And Sketches Of The Indian Campaigns…And Other Matters Connected With The Indian Relations Of The United States And Great Britain, From The Peace Of 1783 To The Indian Peace Of 1795. 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. xxxi, [1 leaf], 425, [1 leaf], lxxiv; 1 p.l., viii, 537, [1 leaf], lxiv. with half-titles. 2 engraved titles, 8 engraved plates (incl. 5 portraits, 1 folding plate, 1 folding plan, & 1 plate of battle array), 1 facsimile & several text illus. original cloth (some staining to covers, spine ends frayed, scattered foxing). New York: Alexander V.Blake, 1838 [spines dated 1839].                                    


     The best biography of an American native according to Howes. Brant led the Six Nations in support of the British in the Seven Years’ War, the suppression of the Pontiac rising of 1763, and again during the American Revolution. At the close of the war, the Six Nations were without permanent settlement, but in 1784, Governor Haldimand granted them a tract of land along the Grand River. Brant founded a Mohawk Village near the site of the present city of Brantford.

     Gagnon I 3403. Howes S-1040. Sabin 92142. TPL 4802. cfField 1509.


150. SPROAT, G[ilbert] M[alcolm] [1832-1913]. Scenes And Studies Of Savage Life. 12mo. pp.  xii, 317, [1] + [2]ads. tinted lithographed frontis., after a sketch by F.Whymper. original cloth, rebacked with spine mounted. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1868.  


     First Edition. An interesting account of the Aht or Nootka Indians of the west coast of Vancouver Island, and of the British occupation of their territory. The work is based on the author's personal observations as a colonial magistrate and proprietor of the settlement at Alberni in Barclay Sound, Vancouver Island, from 1860-67. Also included is a brief relation of the massacre of the crew of the Bostonat Nootka in 1803. Appended is a vocabulary of the Aht language.

     Field 1477. Graff 3936. Howes S-858. Lowther 313. Sabin 89910. Smith 9792. Strathern & Edwards 521. TPL 4630.


151. STRATTON, R[oyal] B. Captivity Of The Oatman Girls: Being An Interesting Narrative of Life Among The Apache And Mohave Indians…Twenty-Sixth Thousand. 8vo. pp. 290, 2(ads). full-page map & 15 wood-engravings (6 full-page, incl. frontis.). original blind & gilt-stamped cloth (extremities frayed). New York: Published For The Author By Carlton & Porter…, [c1859].     


     The Oatman family, who belonged to a small schismatic sect of Mormons, were attacked by native Americans on their way to settle at the juncture of the Colorado and Gila Rivers and all but three were killed. One son was left for dead and two girls were taken captive, but only Olive survived her captivity among the Apaches and Mohaves.

     Howes S-1068. cfAyer 284. cfField 1515. cfGraff 4006. cfSabin 92742. cfWagner-Camp 294.


152. VETROMILE, Eugene [Anthony] [1819-1881]. The Abnakis And Their History. Or Historical Notices On The Aborigines Of Acadia. 12mo. pp. xi, [1]blank, [11]-171. additional wood-engraved title, 8 tinted lithographed plates, 8 (of 9?) wood-engraved plates, & numerous text illus. original cloth (worn & soiled, extremities frayed, significant foxing & some browning, a few short marginal tears). New York: James B.Kirker, 1866.                                                                          


     First Edition. Including chapters on the origins of the Abnakis, manners and language, hand-writing, villages in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, religion and superstition, public life, astronomy and division of time, domestic life, present condition, character, vindication of their character against accusations of cruelty and treachery, division of the parties amongst the Indians of Maine and the Indians of the British provinces, present treatment of native Americans east and west of the Mississippi, and the treatment of the California Indians. The tinted lithographs comprise views of the grave of brother Du Thet and the ruins of St. Savior’s, the present state of the monument of the Rev Sebastian Râle, Sibayk Alnambay Udenek Pleasant Point Indian Village, Corpus Christi`s day at the Old-Town Indian village on the Penobscot River, Penaubsket Alnambay Udenek - Old-Town Indian village, Lewis Island – Indian village on the Schoodic Lakes, the death of Father Râle – killed by the English and Mohawks at Norridgewock, Au. 23, 1724, Old Point on the Kennebec in Maine, with Râle`s monument. Vetromile was a missionary in Maine.

     TPL 4546. Field 1602. Lande S2273. Not in Sabin.


153. WEST, John [1775?-1845]. The Substance Of A Journal During A Residence At The Red River Colony, British North America; And Frequent Excursions Among The North-West American Indians, In The Years 1820, 1822, 1823. Second Edition, Enlarged With A Journal Of A Mission To The Indians Of New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, And The Mohawks On The Ouse Or Grand River, Upper Canada, 1825, 1826. 8vo. pp. 2 p.l., [vii]-xvi, 210, [1 leaf]errata, [209]-326. lacking half-title. folding engraved map. 3 engraved plates. 1 text illus. modern half calf (some foxing to plates & neighbouring leaves). London: Printed For L.B.Seeley And Son, 1824.     $1100


     Second Enlarged Edition (first: 1824).An early account of the Red River Settlement by its first Protestant missionary. West was appointed Chaplain to the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1820. His journal relates his journey there via Hudson’s Bay and York Factory, his visits to the company stations in the region: Brandon House, Fort Douglas, Qu’Appelle, Pembina, Salt Springs, Fort Daer, Norway House, Fort Churchill, &c., and much detailed and interesting information regarding the manners, customs, and quality of life, of the Chippeway or Saulteaux, Muskeggowuck or Swamp, Stone, and Sioux Indians. The second journal, which was also separately issued, records West’s missionary tour of the Maritimes and visit to Upper Canada in 1825-26, under the auspices of the New England Company.

     TPL 7178. Wagner-Camp 27:2. cfBell W88, cfLande 1510, cfPeel 81, & cfStreeter VI 3696 (1st Edn.). Morgan p. 388. Sabin 102738. Story p. 705. Winsor VIII p. 79.


154. WHITNEY, Caspar [1862-1929]. On Snow-Shoes To The Barren Grounds Twenty-Eight Hundred Miles After Musk-Oxen And Wood-Bison. 8vo. pp. x, 324. with half-title. frontis., 34 plates (incl. in pagination), 1 full-page map & numerous other text illus. original cloth, t.e.g., others untrimmed (cloth bit spotted, light foxing to first few leaves). New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1896.                                                                                                                          


     First Edition. The author, an American sportsman and editor of Harper’s magazine describes his six-month hunting excursion to the Barren Lands north of Great Slave Lake. Whitney left Edmonton on December 29, 1894, crossed the Arctic Circle, and reached almost as far as Coronation Gulf, stopping at Hudson’ Bay Company trading posts on the way (Ft. McMurray, Ft. Chipewyan, Ft. Smith, and Ft. Resolution). His narrative includes much detail on native races and their customs. Fifteen of the plates are after drawings by Frederic Remington.

     Arctic Bib. 19410. Story p. 52.


155. WOOD, J[ohn] G[eorge] [1827-1889].  The Uncivilized Races Of Men In All Countries Of The World; Being A Comprehensive Account Of Their Manners And Customs, And Of Their Physical, Social, Mental, Moral And Religious Characteristics. 2 Volumes. 8vo. pp. 1 p.l., vi, [1 leaf], [11]-693; 1 p.l., [3], [694-1481. text in double columns. numerous wood-engraved plates. original blind-stamped cloth (rear joint of Vol. I partly split, spines chipped, light dampstain to outer margin of plates). Hartford: J.B.Burr And Company, 1871.                                                                            


     An early American reprint. Volume I is devoted to African tribes while Volume II is concerned with the aboriginal inhabitants of Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, Borneo, North, Central and South America, Siberia, India, and the Far East.


156. YOUNG, Egerton R[yerson] [1840-1909]. The Apostle Of The North Rev. James Evans. 8vo. pp. 262. with half-title. 21 plates (incl. frontis. portrait) & 2 examples of native script in text. untrimmed in original pictorial cloth. London: Marshall Brothers, 1899.                                                                                                                             

     First London Edition.  

     Peel 240.


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